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chicory

or chic·co·ry

[chik-uh-ree]
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noun, plural chic·o·ries.
  1. a composite plant, Cichorium intybus, having bright-blue flower heads and toothed oblong leaves, cultivated as a salad plant and for its root, which is used roasted and ground as a substitute for or additive to coffee.Compare endive(def 2).
  2. the root of this plant.
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Origin of chicory

1350–1400; < Middle French chicoree, alteration of earlier cicoree (by influence of Italian cicoria) < Latin cichorēa < Greek kichória, kíchora (neuter plurals); replacing Middle English cicoree < Middle French
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for chicory

chicory

noun plural -ries
  1. Also called: succory a blue-flowered plant, Cichorium intybus, cultivated for its leaves, which are used in salads, and for its roots: family Asteraceae (composites)
  2. the root of this plant, roasted, dried, and used as a coffee substitute
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Compare endive

Word Origin

C15: from Old French chicorée, from Latin cichorium, from Greek kikhōrion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chicory

n.

late 14c., cicoree (modern form from mid-15c.), from Middle French cichorée "endive, chicory" (15c., Modern French chicorée), from Latin cichoreum, from Greek kikhorion (plural kikhoreia) "endive," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a connection with Old Egyptian keksher. The modern English form is from French influence.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper