chignon

[ sheen-yon, sheen-yuhn; French shee-nyawn ]
/ ˈʃin yɒn, ʃinˈyʌn; French ʃiˈnyɔ̃ /

noun, plural chi·gnons [sheen-yonz, sheen-yuhnz; French shee-nyawn] /ˈʃin yɒnz, ʃinˈyʌnz; French ʃiˈnyɔ̃/.

a large, smooth twist, roll, or knot of hair, worn by women at the nape of the neck or the back of the head.

RELATED WORDS

Origin of chignon

1775–85; < French: nape, roll of hair at nape, blend of Middle French chaignon (variant of chainon link, equivalent to chaine chain + -on noun suffix) and tignon twist of hair (tigne (< Latin tinea worm) + -on noun suffix)
Related formschi·gnoned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for chignon

British Dictionary definitions for chignon

chignon

/ (ˈʃiːnjɒn, French ʃiɲɔ̃) /

noun

an arrangement of long hair in a roll or knot at the back of the head
Derived Formschignoned, adjective

Word Origin for chignon

C18: from French, from Old French chaignon link, from chaine chain; influenced also by Old French tignon coil of hair, from tigne, moth, from Latin tinea moth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chignon

chignon


n.

"knot or coil of hair worn at the back of the neck," from French chignon "nape of the neck," from Old French chaignon "iron collar, shackles, noose" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *catenionem (nominative *catenio), from Latin catena "chain, fetter, restraint" (see chain (n.)). Popular 1780s, 1870s, 1940s. Form influenced in French by tignon "coil of hair."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper