View synonyms for chill


[ chil ]


  1. coldness, especially a moderate but uncomfortably penetrating coldness:

    the chill of evening.

  2. a sensation of cold, usually with shivering:

    She felt a slight chill from the open window.

  3. a feeling of sudden fear, anxiety, or alarm.
  4. sudden coldness of the body, as during the cold stage of an ague:

    fevers and chills.

  5. a depressing influence or sensation:

    His presence cast a chill over everyone.

  6. lack of warmth of feeling; unfriendliness; coolness.
  7. Foundry. an inserted object or a surface in a mold capable of absorbing large amounts of heat, used to harden the surface of a casting or to increase its rate of solidification at a specific point.


  1. moderately cold; tending to cause shivering; chilly:

    a chill wind.

  2. shivering with or affected by cold; chilly.
  3. depressing or discouraging:

    chill prospects.

  4. unduly formal; unfriendly; chilly:

    a chill reception.

    Synonyms: stiff, hostile, aloof, cold

verb (used without object)

  1. to become cold:

    The earth chills when the sun sets.

  2. to be seized with a chill; shiver with cold or fear.
  3. Foundry. (of a casting) to become hard on the surface by contact with a chill or chills.
  4. Slang. to calm down; relax (often followed by out ).

verb (used with object)

  1. to affect with cold; make chilly:

    The rain has chilled me to the bone.

  2. to make cool:

    Chill the wine before serving.

  3. to depress; discourage; deter:

    The news chilled his hopes.

  4. Foundry. to harden the surface of (a casting) by casting it in a mold having a chill or chills.
  5. Slang. to kill; murder.


/ tʃɪl /


  1. a moderate coldness
  2. a sensation of coldness resulting from a cold or damp environment, or from a sudden emotional reaction
  3. a feverish cold
  4. a check on enthusiasm or joy
  5. a metal plate placed in a sand mould to accelerate cooling and control local grain growth
  6. See bloom
    another name for bloom 1


  1. See chilly
    another word for chilly


  1. to make or become cold
  2. tr to cool or freeze (food, drinks, etc)
  3. tr
    1. to depress (enthusiasm, etc)
    2. to discourage
  4. tr to cool (a casting or metal object) rapidly in order to prevent the formation of large grains in the metal
  5. slang.
    intr to relax; calm oneself

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Derived Forms

  • ˈchillness, noun
  • ˈchilling, adjective
  • ˈchillingly, adverb

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Other Words From

  • chilling·ly adverb
  • chillness noun
  • over·chill adjective
  • over·chill verb
  • pre·chill verb (used with object)
  • un·chilled adjective
  • well-chilled adjective

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Word History and Origins

Origin of chill1

First recorded before 900; Middle English chile, Old English cele, ci(e)le “coolness”; cool, cold; akin to Latin gelāre “to freeze,” gelum “frost, cold,” glaciēs “ice” ( gelato, gelid, glacier )

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Word History and Origins

Origin of chill1

Old English ciele; related to calan to cool , Latin gelidus icy

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Idioms and Phrases

  1. take a chill pill, Slang. See chill pill ( def 2 ).

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Synonym Study

See cold.

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Example Sentences

While there’s a lot of chatter around a possible surge in coronavirus cases come fall, economists note there may also be chilling headwinds for the labor market and small businesses in the next few months.

From Fortune

The other is a carbon tax, a term that often sends chills through free market advocates.

When chilled, a warmer system cooled off in less time than it took a cooler system to reach the same low temperature.

I’d known Jim since grade school, and he did try to chill out when I asked him to, but he simply couldn’t control himself.

From Ozy

Side effects to the coronavirus vaccine include pain at the injection site, fatigue, headache, muscle aches, chills and feeling feverish.

It was an attempt to combat a growing chill on free speech in Turkey while placing his newspaper at the center of the debate.

Alice wore a black nylon rain jacket that looked as if it was ill prepared to deal with the coming chill.

If you prefer them chewy in the middle and crisp outside, chill the balls of dough.

Standing in the chill breeze of autumn, I knew something had passed between us.

What he—and his friend holding the camera—heard in response was enough to chill them to the bone.

Presently he began to shiver so, with some sort of a chill, that I took off my coat and wrapped it round him.

From the day of that terrible chill in the snow-storm, she had never been quite well, Ramona thought.

Though she was warmly wrapped in a soft rug of silvery fur, a chill crept into her heart.

As she walked along the chill promenade she looked with discreet curiosity at every woman she met, to see her condition.

A chill, sinister feeling crept over me, but I kept my gaze fixed steadily in the same direction.


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Definitions and idiom definitions from Unabridged, based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

Idioms from The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.




Chilkoot PassChillán