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cirrhosis

[si-roh-sis]
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noun Pathology.
  1. a disease of the liver characterized by increase of connective tissue and alteration in gross and microscopic makeup.
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Origin of cirrhosis

1830–40; < Greek kirrh(ós) orange-tawny + -osis
Related formscir·rhot·ic [si-rot-ik] /sɪˈrɒt ɪk/, adjectivecir·rhosed, adjective
Can be confusedcirrhosis xerosis
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for cirrhotic

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for cirrhotic

cirrhosis

noun
  1. any of various progressive diseases of the liver, characterized by death of liver cells, irreversible fibrosis, etc: caused by inadequate diet, excessive alcohol, chronic infection, etcAlso called: cirrhosis of the liver
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Derived Formscirrhosed, adjectivecirrhotic (sɪˈrɒtɪk), adjective

Word Origin

C19: New Latin, from Greek kirrhos orange-coloured + -osis; referring to the appearance of the diseased liver
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for cirrhotic

cirrhosis

n.

1827, coined in Modern Latin by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) with -osis and Greek kirrhos "tawny," of unknown origin. So called for the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver. Related: Cirrhotic.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

cirrhotic in Medicine

cirrhosis

(sĭ-rōsĭs)
n.
  1. A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It can result from alcohol abuse, nutritional deprivation, or infection, especially by the hepatitis virus.
  2. Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ.fibroid induration
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Related formscir•rhotic (-rŏtĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

cirrhotic in Science

cirrhosis

[sĭ-rōsĭs]
  1. A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It is most commonly caused by chronic alcohol abuse, but can also result from nutritional deprivation or infection, especially by the hepatitis virus.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cirrhotic in Culture

cirrhosis

[(suh-roh-sis)]

A chronic disease of the liver, characterized by replacement of normal liver cells with a form of connective tissue. Owing to the scarring caused by this disease, irreversible damage to the liver can result.

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Note

Cirrhosis is often associated with alcoholism.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.