adjective, strong·er [strawng-ger, strong-] /ˈstrɔŋ gər, ˈstrɒŋ-/, strong·est [strawng-gist, strong-] /ˈstrɔŋ gɪst, ˈstrɒŋ-/.
- (of Germanic verbs) having vowel change in the root in inflected forms, as the English verbs sing, sang, sung; ride, rode, ridden.
- (of Germanic nouns and adjectives) inflected with endings that are generally distinctive of case, number, and gender, as German alter Mann “old man.”
- belonging to the morphophonemically less regular of two inflectional subtypes.
- strong accumulation point,
- strong breeze,
- strong derived set,
- strong drink,
- strong force
Origin of strong
adjective stronger (ˈstrɒŋɡə) or strongest (ˈstrɒŋɡɪst)
- (postpositive)containing or having a specified numbera navy 40 000 strong
- (in combination)a 40 000-strong navy
- denoting or belonging to a class of verbs, in certain languages including the Germanic languages, whose conjugation shows vowel gradation, as sing, sang, sung
- belonging to any part-of-speech class, in any of various languages, whose inflections follow the less regular of two possible patternsCompare weak (def. 10)
Word Origin for strong
Old English strang "physically powerful, powerful in effect, forceful, severe," from Proto-Germanic *strangaz (cf. Old Norse strangr "strong," Dutch streng "strict, rigorous," Old High German strang "strong, bold, hard," German streng "strict, rigorous"). Originally compared strenger, strengest (cf. old/elder/eldest). Grammatical sense, of noun and verb inflections, is first attested 1841, translating German stark, used in a grammatical sense by J. Grimm (the terms strong and weak better fit German inflections). Strong suit (1865) is from card-playing. Strong man "man of great strength" (especially one who displays it professionally) is recorded from 1690s; meaning "dominating man in a political organization" is from 1859.
Old English strange (alongside strongly), from the same source as strong (adj.). Going strong (1898) is from racing. To come on strong was originally come it strong (1812).
come on strong
see come on, def. 7.
In addition to the idioms beginning with strong
- strong point
- strong silent type
- strong suit
- come on strong