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commentary

[kom-uh n-ter-ee]
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noun, plural com·men·tar·ies.
  1. a series of comments, explanations, or annotations: a commentary on the Bible; news followed by a commentary.
  2. an explanatory essay or treatise: a commentary on a play; Blackstone's commentaries on law.
  3. anything serving to illustrate a point, prompt a realization, or exemplify, especially in the case of something unfortunate: The dropout rate is a sad commentary on our school system.
  4. Usually commentaries. records of facts or events: Commentaries written by Roman lawyers give us information on how their courts functioned.
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Origin of commentary

1375–1425; late Middle English commentaries (plural) < Latin commentārium notebook, noun use of neuter of commentārius, equivalent to comment(um) comment + -ārius -ary
Related formscom·men·tar·i·al [kom-uh n-tair-ee-uh l] /ˌkɒm ənˈtɛər i əl/, adjectivesu·per·com·men·tar·y, noun, plural su·per·com·men·tar·ies.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for commentary

commentary

noun plural -taries
  1. an explanatory series of notes or comments
  2. a spoken accompaniment to a broadcast, film, etc, esp of a sporting event
  3. an explanatory essay or treatise on a text
  4. (usually plural) a personal record of events or factsthe commentaries of Caesar
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Derived Formscommentarial (ˌkɒmənˈtɛərɪəl), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for commentary

n.

1530s, from Middle French commentaire, or directly from Latin commentarius "notebook, annotation; diary, memoir," noun use of adjective, "relating to comments," from commentum (see comment (n.)). Perhaps the Latin noun is short for volumen commentarium. Originally in English as an adjective (early 15c.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper