a part of a mechanical or electrical system: hi-fi components.

Physics. the projection of a vector quantity, as force or velocity, along an axis.

Physical Chemistry. one of the set of the minimum number of chemical constituents by which every phase of a given system can be described.

Mathematics.

a connected subset of a set, not contained in any other connected subset of the set.

a coordinate of a vector.

Linguistics.

one of the major subdivisions of a generative grammar: base component; transformational component; semantic component; phonological component.Compare level(def 16).

a constituent part or aspect of something more complexa component of a car

Also called: elementany electrical device, such as a resistor, that has distinct electrical characteristics and that may be connected to other electrical devices to form a circuit

maths

one of a set of two or more vectors whose resultant is a given vector

the projection of this given vector onto a specified line

one of the minimum number of chemically distinct constituents necessary to describe fully the composition of each phase in a systemSee phase rule

adjective

forming or functioning as a part or aspect; constituent

Derived forms of component

componential (ˌkɒmpəˈnɛnʃəl), adjective

Word Origin for component

C17: from Latin compōnere to put together, from pōnere to place, put