[ kuh m-poh-nuh nt, kom- ]
/ kəmˈpoʊ nənt, kɒm- /



being or serving as an element (in something larger); composing; constituent: the component parts of a computer system.

Nearby words

  1. complimentary close,
  2. compline,
  3. complot,
  4. comply,
  5. compo,
  6. component of complement,
  7. componential analysis,
  8. componentry,
  9. compony,
  10. componé

Origin of component

1555–65; < Latin compōnent- (stem of compōnēns, present participle of compōnere to put together), equivalent to com- com- + pōn(ere) to put + -ent- -ent

SYNONYMS FOR component
1. See element.

Related formscom·po·nen·tial [kom-puh-nen-shuh l] /ˌkɒm pəˈnɛn ʃəl/, com·po·nen·tal, adjectivecom·po·nent·ed, adjectivesub·com·po·nent, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for componential


/ (kəmˈpəʊnənt) /


a constituent part or aspect of something more complexa component of a car
Also called: element any electrical device, such as a resistor, that has distinct electrical characteristics and that may be connected to other electrical devices to form a circuit
  1. one of a set of two or more vectors whose resultant is a given vector
  2. the projection of this given vector onto a specified line
one of the minimum number of chemically distinct constituents necessary to describe fully the composition of each phase in a systemSee phase rule


forming or functioning as a part or aspect; constituent
Derived Formscomponential (ˌkɒmpəˈnɛnʃəl), adjective

Word Origin for component

C17: from Latin compōnere to put together, from pōnere to place, put

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for componential



1640s, "constitutional element" (earlier "one of a group of persons," 1560s), from Latin componentem (nominative componens), present participle of componere "to put together" (see composite). As an adjective, from 1660s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper