segment

[noun seg-muh nt; verb seg-ment, seg-ment]

noun

verb (used with or without object)

to separate or divide into segments.

Origin of segment

1560–70; < Latin segmentum, equivalent to sec(āre) to cut + -mentum -ment
Related formsseg·men·tar·y [seg-muh n-ter-ee] /ˈsɛg mənˌtɛr i/, adjectiveseg·men·tate, adjectivein·ter·seg·ment, noun, adjectivemul·ti·seg·ment, adjectivemul·ti·seg·ment·ed, adjectivenon·seg·men·tar·y, adjectivenon·seg·ment·ed, adjectiveun·seg·men·tar·y, adjectiveun·seg·ment·ed, adjective

Synonyms for segment

1. See part.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for segment

segment

noun (ˈsɛɡmənt)

maths
  1. a part of a line or curve between two points
  2. a part of a plane or solid figure cut off by an intersecting line, plane, or planes, esp one between a chord and an arc of a circle
one of several parts or sections into which an object is divided; portion
zoology any of the parts into which the body or appendages of an annelid or arthropod are divided
linguistics a speech sound considered in isolation

verb (sɛɡˈmɛnt)

to cut or divide (a whole object) into segments
Derived Formssegmentary (ˈsɛɡməntərɪ, -trɪ), adjective

Word Origin for segment

C16: from Latin segmentum, from secāre to cut
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for segment
n.

1560s, from Latin segmentum "a strip or piece cut off, a cutting, strips of colored cloth," from secare "to cut" (see section (n.)), with euphonious alteration of -c- to -g- before -m-. Latin segmentum was used in Medieval Latin as a geometry term, translating Greek tmema, and the word was first picked up in English in this sense. Meaning "segmental portion of anything circular" is from 1640s; general sense of "a division, section" is from 1762.

v.

1859, intransitive, in reference to cell division, from segment (n.). Transitive sense, "divide (something) into segments" is from 1872. Related: Segmented; segmenting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for segment

segment

[sĕgmənt]

n.

A clearly differentiated subdivision of an organism or part, such as a metamere.
A part of an organ having independent function, supply, or drainage.
zona
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for segment

segment

[sĕgmənt]

The portion of a line between any two of its points.
The region bounded by an arc of a circle and the chord that connects the endpoints of the arc.
The portion of a sphere included between a pair of parallel planes that intersect it or are tangent to it.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.