coupling

[kuhp-ling]

noun


Nearby words

  1. coupled rhythm,
  2. coupledom,
  3. coupler,
  4. couples therapy,
  5. couplet,
  6. coupon,
  7. coupon bond,
  8. coupon clipper,
  9. coupon rate,
  10. couponer

Origin of coupling

Middle English word dating back to 1300–50; see origin at couple, -ing1

couple

[kuhp-uh l]

noun

two of the same sort considered together; pair.
two persons considered as joined together, as a married or engaged pair, lovers, or dance partners: They make a handsome couple.
any two persons considered together.
Mechanics. a pair of equal, parallel forces acting in opposite directions and tending to produce rotation.
Also called couple-close. Carpentry. a pair of rafters connected by a tie beam or collar beam.
a leash for holding two hounds together.
Fox Hunting. two hounds: 25 hounds or 12½ couple.

verb (used with object), cou·pled, cou·pling.

to fasten, link, or associate together in a pair or pairs.
to join; connect.
to unite in marriage or in sexual union.
Electricity.
  1. to join or associate by means of a coupler.
  2. to bring (two electric circuits or circuit components) close enough to permit an exchange of electromagnetic energy.

verb (used without object), cou·pled, cou·pling.

to join in a pair; unite.
to copulate.

Origin of couple

1175–1225; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French c(o)uple, Old French cople, cuple < Latin cōpula a tie, bond (see copula); (v.) Middle English couplen < Anglo-French co(u)pler, Old French copler, cupler < Latin copulāre (see copulate)

Related formscou·ple·a·ble, adjectivein·ter·cou·ple, adjectivewell-cou·pled, adjective

Can be confusedcouple pair several (see synonym study at pair)

Usage note

The phrase a couple of, meaning “a small number of; a few; several,” has been in standard use for centuries, especially with measurements of time and distance and in referring to amounts of money: They walked a couple of miles in silence. Repairs will probably cost a couple of hundred dollars. The phrase is used in all but the most formal speech and writing. The shortened phrase a couple, without of ( The gas station is a couple miles from here ), is an Americanism of recent development that occurs chiefly in informal speech or representations of speech, especially when followed by number terms (as a couple dozen eggs ) or units of measurement (as a couple years ago; a couple gallons of gas ). This use of couple (as an adjective or modifier) is still disliked by many. Without a following noun, a couple is even more informal: Jack shouldn't drive. It's clear he's had a couple. (Here the noun drinks is omitted.)
In referring to two people, couple, like many collective nouns, may take either a singular or a plural verb. Most commonly, it is construed as a plural: The couple were traveling to Texas. See also collective noun.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for coupling


British Dictionary definitions for coupling

coupling

noun

a mechanical device that connects two things
a device for connecting railway cars or trucks together
the part of the body of a horse, dog, or other quadruped that lies between the forequarters and the hindquarters
electronics the act or process of linking two or more circuits so that power can be transferred between them usually by mutual induction, as in a transformer, or by means of a capacitor or inductor common to both circuitsSee also direct coupling
physics an interaction between different properties of a system, such as a group of atoms or nuclei, or between two or more systems
genetics the occurrence of two specified nonallelic genes from the same parent on the same chromosome

couple

noun

two people who regularly associate with each other or live togetheran engaged couple
(functioning as singular or plural) two people considered as a pair, for or as if for dancing, games, etc
mainly hunting
  1. a pair of collars joined by a leash, used to attach hounds to one another
  2. two hounds joined in this way
  3. the unit of reckoning for hounds in a packtwenty and a half couple
a pair of equal and opposite parallel forces that have a tendency to produce rotation with a torque or turning moment equal to the product of either force and the perpendicular distance between them
physics
  1. two dissimilar metals, alloys, or semiconductors in electrical contact, across which a voltage developsSee thermocouple
  2. Also called: galvanic coupletwo dissimilar metals or alloys in electrical contact that when immersed in an electrolyte act as the electrodes of an electrolytic cell
a connector or link between two members, such as a tie connecting a pair of rafters in a roof
a couple of (functioning as singular or plural)
  1. a combination of two; a pair ofa couple of men
  2. informala small number of; a fewa couple of days

pronoun

(usually preceded by a; functioning as singular or plural) two; a pairgive him a couple

verb

(tr) to connect (two things) together or to connect (one thing) to (another)to couple railway carriages
(tr) to do (two things) simultaneously or alternatelyhe couples studying with teaching
to form or be formed into a pair or pairs
to associate, put, or connect togetherhistory is coupled with sociology
to link (two circuits) by electromagnetic induction
(intr) to have sexual intercourse
to join or be joined in marriage; marry
(tr) to attach (two hounds to each other)

Word Origin for couple

C13: from Old French: a pair, from Latin cōpula a bond; see copula

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for coupling
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for coupling

coupling

[kŭplĭng]

n.

The act of uniting sexually.
bigeminal rhythm
The configuration of two different mutant genes on the same chromosome, leading to the likelihood they will both either be inherited or omitted in the next generation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.