Creole

[ kree-ohl ]
/ ˈkri oʊl /

noun

adjective

Origin of Creole

1595–1605; < French < Spanish criollo < Portuguese crioulo native, derivative of criar to bring up < Latin creāre; see create
Related formshalf-Cre·ole, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for creole

British Dictionary definitions for creole (1 of 2)

creole

/ (ˈkriːəʊl) /

noun

a language that has its origin in extended contact between two language communities, one of which is generally European. It incorporates features from each and constitutes the mother tongue of a communityCompare pidgin

adjective

denoting, relating to, or characteristic of creole
(of a sauce or dish) containing or cooked with tomatoes, green peppers, onions, etc

Word Origin for creole

C17: via French and Spanish probably from Portuguese crioulo slave born in one's household, person of European ancestry born in the colonies, probably from criar to bring up, from Latin creāre to create

British Dictionary definitions for creole (2 of 2)

Creole

/ (ˈkriːəʊl) /

noun

(sometimes not capital) (in the Caribbean and Latin America)
  1. a native-born person of European, esp Spanish, ancestry
  2. a native-born person of mixed European and African ancestry who speaks a French or Spanish creole
  3. a native-born Black person as distinguished from one brought from Africa
(in Louisiana and other Gulf States of the US) a native-born person of French ancestry
the creolized French spoken in Louisiana, esp in New Orleans

adjective

of, relating to, or characteristic of any of these peoples
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for creole

creole


n.

c.1600, from French créole (17c.), from Spanish criollo "person native to a locality," from Portuguese crioulo, diminutive of cria "person (especially a servant) raised in one's house," from criar "to raise or bring up," from Latin creare "to produce, create" (see create).

The exact sense varies with local use. Originally with no connotation of color or race; Fowler (1926) writes: "Creole does not imply mixture of race, but denotes a person either of European or (now rarely) of negro descent born and naturalized in certain West Indian and American countries." In U.S. use, applied to descendants of French and Spanish settlers in Louisiana from at least 1792. Of languages, from 1879. As an adjective, from 1748.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper