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cretinism

[ kreet-n-iz-uhm or, especially British, kret- ]
/ ˈkrit nˌɪz əm or, especially British, ˈkrɛt- /
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noun Pathology.
(no longer in technical use) a congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion, characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism, and intellectual disability, and often by goiter: This condition is now diagnosed as congenital hypothyroidism or congenital iodine deficiency.
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Origin of cretinism

First recorded in 1795–1800; from French crétinisme; see cretin, -ism

Words nearby cretinism

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use cretinism in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for cretinism

cretinism
/ (ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm) /

noun
old-fashioned a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardationSee also myxoedema
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for cretinism

cretinism
[ krētn-ĭz′əm ]

n.
A congenital condition due to thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal development and marked in childhood by dwarfed stature, mental retardation, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.congenital myxedema cretinoid dysplasia
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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