[kreet-n-iz-uh m or, esp. British, kret-]
- a congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion, characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism, and mental retardation, and often by goiter.
Origin of cretinism
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for cretinism
Cretinism is a condition due to disease of the thyroid glands.Being Well-Born
Michael F. Guyer
The causation of the sporadic form of cretinism is, however, obscure.
Cretinism in any form had always shocked Dwight Wade inexpressibly.King Spruce, A Novel
Only one case is reported in which goitre was associated with cretinism.Degeneracy
Eugene S. Talbot
So cretinism was in a fair way to spread all over the valley from this spot.The Country Doctor
Honore de Balzac
- old-fashioned a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardationSee also myxoedema
- A congenital condition due to thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal development and marked in childhood by dwarfed stature, mental retardation, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.congenital myxedema cretinoid dysplasia
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.