- any of various chiefly Old World plants belonging to the genus Curcuma, of the ginger family, as C. domestica, yielding turmeric, or C. zedoaria, yielding zedoary.
Origin of curcuma
1610–20; < New Latin < Arabic kurkum saffron, turmeric; cf. crocus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for curcuma
Titanite: Ammonium nitrate, trinitrotoluene, curcuma charcoal.The New Gresham Encyclopedia
Turmeric, the root of a plant called Curcuma longa, a native of the East Indies, used as a yellow dye.A Treatise on Domestic Economy
Catherine Esther Beecher
Turmeric is the underground stem of the Curcuma tinctoria, the coloring principle being called curcumin.Principles and Practice of Fur Dressing and Fur Dyeing
William E. Austin
Other changes of vegetables from climate or other causes are remarked in the note on Curcuma in the same work.Evolution, Old & New
Turmeric is the underground stem or tuber of Curcuma tinctoria, a plant growing abundantly in the East Indies.
- any tropical Asian tuberous plant of the genus Curcuma, such as C. longa, which is the source of turmeric, and C. zedoaria, which is the source of zedoary: family Zingiberaceae
C17: from New Latin, from Arabic kurkum turmeric