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noun, plural de·cem·virs, de·cem·vi·ri [dih-sem-vuh-rahy] /dɪˈsɛm vəˌraɪ/.
  1. a member of a permanent board or a special commission of ten members in ancient Rome, especially the commission that drew up Rome's first code of law.
  2. a member of any council or ruling body of ten.
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Origin of decemvir

1570–80; < Latin, orig. plural decemvirī, equivalent to decem ten + virī men
Related formsde·cem·vi·ral, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for decemvirs


noun plural -virs or -viri (-vɪˌriː)
  1. (in ancient Rome) a member of a board of ten magistrates, esp either of the two commissions established in 451 and 450 bc to revise the laws
  2. a member of any governing body composed of ten men
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Derived Formsdecemviral, adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Latin, from decem ten + virī men
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012