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depend

[dih-pend]
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verb (used without object)
  1. to rely; place trust (usually followed by on or upon): You may depend on the accuracy of the report.
  2. to rely for support, maintenance, help, etc. (usually followed by on or upon): Children depend on their parents.
  3. to be conditioned or contingent (usually followed by on or upon): His success here depends upon effort and ability.
  4. to be undetermined or pending: I may go to Europe or I may not, it all depends.
  5. Grammar. (of a word or other linguistic form) to be subordinate to another linguistic form in the same construction; to form a part of a construction other than the head.
  6. to hang down; be suspended (usually followed by from): The chandelier depends from the ceiling of the ballroom.
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Origin of depend

1375–1425; late Middle English dependen < Old French dependre < Latin dēpendere to hang down, equivalent to dē- de- + pendere to hang
Related formsin·ter·de·pend, verb (used without object)re·de·pend, verb (used without object)self-de·pend·ing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for depending

bottom, hang, rest, stay, found, ground, pend

Examples from the Web for depending

Contemporary Examples of depending

Historical Examples of depending

  • The party were coming on to-day, and were depending on us to find water.

  • "I'm depending upon you for the bread," he said to the drowsy man in the hammock.

  • "That's just what comes of depending on women," growled Dr. Macgowan.

  • Instead of depending on stirrups, you are part of the horse.

    The Forest

    Stewart Edward White

  • You were always a weak dreamer, depending on others for your strength.

    Murder Point

    Coningsby Dawson


British Dictionary definitions for depending

depend

verb (intr)
  1. (foll by on or upon) to put trust (in); rely (on); be sure (of)
  2. (usually foll by on or upon; often with it as subject) to be influenced or determined (by); be resultant (from)whether you come or not depends on what father says; it all depends on you
  3. (foll by on or upon) to rely (on) for income, support, etc
  4. (foll by from) rare to hang down; be suspended
  5. to be undecided or pending
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Word Origin for depend

C15: from Old French dependre, from Latin dēpendēre to hang from, from de- + pendēre to hang
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for depending

depend

v.

early 15c., "to be attached to as a condition or cause," a figurative use, from Middle French dependre, literally "to hang from, hang down," from Latin dependere "to hang from, hang down; be dependent on, be derived," from de- "from, down" (see de-) + pendere "to hang, be suspended" (see pendant). Related: Depended; depending.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper