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[dih-poh-nuh nt]
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  1. Classical Greek and Latin Grammar. (of a verb) appearing only in the passive or Greek middle-voice forms, but with active meaning.
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  1. Law. a person who testifies under oath, especially in writing.
  2. Classical Greek and Latin Grammar. a deponent verb, as Latin loquor.
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Origin of deponent

1520–30; < Latin dēpōnent- (stem of dēpōnēns) putting away (Medieval Latin: testifying), present participle of dēpōnere. See depone, -ent
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for deponent


  1. grammar (of a verb, esp in Latin) having the inflectional endings of a passive verb but the meaning of an active verb
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  1. grammar a deponent verb
  2. law
    1. a person who makes an affidavit
    2. a person, esp a witness, who makes a deposition
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Word Origin

C16: from Latin dēpōnēns putting aside, putting down, from dēpōnere to put down, depone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for deponent


1520s, originally grammatical (of verbs passive in form but active in sense), from Latin deponentem "putting down or aside," present participle of deponere (see deposit (v.)). Noun meaning "one who makes a deposition" is from 1540s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper