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verb (used with object), de·prived, de·priv·ing.
  1. to remove or withhold something from the enjoyment or possession of (a person or persons): to deprive a man of life; to deprive a baby of candy.
  2. to remove from ecclesiastical office.
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Origin of deprive

1275–1325; Middle English depriven < Anglo-French, Old French depriver < Medieval Latin dēprīvāre, equivalent to Latin dē- de- + prīvāre to deprive (prīv(us) private + -āre infinitive suffix)
Related formsde·priv·a·ble, adjectivede·priv·al, nounde·priv·a·tive [dih-priv-uh-tiv] /dɪˈprɪv ə tɪv/, adjectivede·priv·er, nounnon·de·priv·a·ble, adjectivepre·de·prive, verb (used with object), pre·de·prived, pre·de·priv·ing.self-de·priv·ing, adjective

Synonyms for deprive

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1. See strip1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for deprive

bereave, bankrupt, rob, dispossess, strip, divest, oust, expropriate, seize, wrest, dismantle, denude, despoil, dock, bare, lose, skim, disrobe, disinherit, stiff

Examples from the Web for deprive

Contemporary Examples of deprive

Historical Examples of deprive

British Dictionary definitions for deprive


verb (tr)
  1. (foll by of) to prevent from possessing or enjoying; dispossess (of)
  2. archaic to remove from rank or office; depose; demote
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Derived Formsdeprivable, adjectivedeprival, noundepriver, noun

Word Origin for deprive

C14: from Old French depriver, from Medieval Latin dēprīvāre, from Latin de- + prīvāre to deprive of, rob; see private
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for deprive


mid-14c., from Old French depriver, from Medieval Latin deprivare, from Latin de- "entirely" (see de-) + privare "release from" (see private). Replaced Old English bedælan. Related: Deprived; depriving.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

deprive in Medicine


  1. To take something from someone or something.
  2. To keep from possessing or enjoying something.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.