derange

[dih-reynj]
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verb (used with object), de·ranged, de·rang·ing.
  1. to throw into disorder; disarrange.
  2. to disturb the condition, action, or function of.
  3. to make insane.

Origin of derange

1770–80; < French déranger, Old French desrengier, equivalent to des- dis-1 + rengier; see range
Related formsde·range·a·ble, adjectivede·rang·er, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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Historical Examples of derange


British Dictionary definitions for derange

derange

verb (tr)
  1. to disturb the order or arrangement of; throw into disorder; disarrange
  2. to disturb the action or operation of
  3. to make insane; drive mad

Word Origin for derange

C18: from Old French desrengier, from des- dis- 1 + reng row, order
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for derange
v.

1776, "throw into confusion," from French déranger, from Old French desrengier "disarrange, throw into disorder," from des- "do the opposite of" (see dis-) + Old French rengier (Modern French ranger) "to put into line," from reng "line, row," from a Germanic source (see rank (n.)). Mental sense first recorded c.1790.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper