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dinitrobenzene

[ dahy-nahy-truh-ben-zeen, -ben-zeen ]
/ daɪˌnaɪ trəˈbɛn zin, -bɛnˈzin /
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noun Chemistry.

any of three isomeric benzene derivatives having the formula C6H4NO2, made by nitration of benzene or nitrobenzene, the most important of which is the meta form: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.

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Origin of dinitrobenzene

First recorded in 1870–75; di-1 + nitrobenzene
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for dinitrobenzene

dinitrobenzene
/ (daɪˌnaɪtrəʊˈbɛnziːn, -bɛnˈziːn) /

noun

a yellow crystalline compound existing in three isomeric forms, obtained by reaction of benzene with nitric and sulphuric acids. The meta- form is used in the manufacture of dyes and plastics. Formula: C 6 H 4 (N0 2) 2
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for dinitrobenzene

dinitrobenzene
[ dī-nī′trō-bĕnzēn′ ]

Any of three isomeric compounds made from a mixture of nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and heated benzene. Dinitrobenzenes are used in dyes, in synthesizing organic compounds, and in making celluloid. Chemical formula: C6H4N2O4.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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