a pale yellow, toxic, water-soluble liquid, C6H5NO2, produced by nitrating benzene with nitric acid: used chiefly in the manufacture of aniline.
Origin of nitrobenzene
First recorded in 1865–70; nitro-
Also called ni·tro·ben·zol [nahy-troh-ben-zawl, -zol] /ˌnaɪ troʊˈbɛn zɔl, -zɒl/
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for nitrobenzene
Historical Examples of nitrobenzene
It is prepared from nitrobenzene by reducing it with stannous chloride and sodium hydroxide.
The purity of the product depends upon the quality of the benzene from which the nitrobenzene was prepared.
The residue of nitric acid which replaces hydrogen in benzene is the nitro-group, and the compound is nitrobenzene.
When this liquid was treated with a few drops of nitric acid mixture the smell of nitrobenzene was given off.
The nitrobenzoate is insoluble in ether alcohol, but is soluble in acetone, acetic acid, and nitrobenzene.
British Dictionary definitions for nitrobenzene
a yellow oily toxic water-insoluble liquid compound, used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline. Formula: C 6 H 5 NO 2
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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