See under vertical mobility(def 1).
Read more in this article about some frequently asked questions and fun facts related to our definitions.
Word Fact: Toward vs. Towards
Do you move toward something or towards something? It turns out, you can do both, though some contexts favor one over the other. According to the Chicago Manual of Style, the preferred form in American English is toward without the -s, while the preferred British English form is towards with the -s. This general rule works with other directional words, including forward, backward, upward, and …
movement from one social level to a higher one (upward mobility) or a lower one (downward mobility), as by changing jobs or marrying.
cultural diffusion from one social level to another, as the adoption by one economic class of the fashions current or formerly current in a higher class.
Compare horizontal mobility.
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