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endive

[en-dahyv, ahn-deev; French ahn-deev]
noun, plural en·dives [en-dahyvz, ahn-deevz; French ahn-deev] /ˈɛn daɪvz, ˈɑn divz; French ɑ̃ˈdiv/.
  1. a composite plant, Cichorium endivia, having a rosette of often curly-edged leaves used in salads.Compare escarole.
  2. Also called Belgian endive, French endive, witloof. a young chicory plant, deprived of light to form a narrow head of whitish leaves that are eaten as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads.
  3. Furniture. an ornamental motif having the form of an arrangement of acanthus or endive leaves.
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Origin of endive

1325–75; Middle English < Middle FrenchMedieval Greek entýbia, plural of entýbion, derivative of earlier éntybon < Latin intubum, intibum, earlier intubus chicory, endive, perhaps < Semitic
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for endive

endive

noun
  1. a plant, Cichorium endivia, cultivated for its crisp curly leaves, which are used in salads: family Asteraceae (composites)Compare chicory
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Word Origin

C15: from Old French, from Medieval Latin endīvia, variant of Latin intubus, entubus, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for endive

n.

late 14c., from Old French endive, from Medieval Latin endiva or Late Latin intibus, perhaps from Medieval Greek entybon (though OED considers this a borrowing from Latin), which is perhaps of Eastern origin (perhaps from Egyptian tybi "January," which is when the plant grows in Egypt).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper