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Origin of endorphin
Words nearby endorphin
Example sentences from the Web for endorphins
They find places where heroin use is rampant and feed off the endorphins of pleasure that addicts experience.Punks, UFOs, and Heroin: How ‘Liquid Sky’ Became a Cult Movie|Daniel Genis|June 2, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Exercise can increase your energy levels by 20 percent and the boost in endorphins help lift your mood.
Endorphins are released during sex, just as they are during a strenuous workout.People Who Have Had Rebound Sex Tell Us Why It Is Awesome|Emily Shire|January 31, 2014|DAILY BEAST
These endorphins create a sense of euphoria or well-being, which makes you want to eat more peppers for more endorphins.
When the sudden burst of air is combined with the endorphins released during sex, the result is a heightened thrill.
At Scoville temperatures like that, your brain gets totally awash in endorphins.Little Brother|Cory Doctorow
British Dictionary definitions for endorphins
Word Origin for endorphin
Medical definitions for endorphins
Scientific definitions for endorphins
A Closer Look
Endorphins are long chains of amino acids, or polypeptides, that are able to bind to the neuroreceptors in the brain and are capable of relieving pain in a manner similar to that of morphine. There are three major types of endorphins: beta-endorphins are found almost entirely in the pituitary gland, while enkephalins and dynorphins are both distributed throughout the nervous system. Scientists had suspected that analgesic opiates, such as morphine and heroin, worked effectively against pain because the body had receptors that were activated by such drugs. They reasoned that these receptors probably existed because the body itself had natural painkilling compounds that also bonded to those receptors. When scientists in the 1970s isolated a biochemical from a pituitary gland hormone that showed analgesic properties, Choh Li, a chemist from Berkeley, California, named it endorphin, meaning the morphine within. Besides behaving as a pain reducer, endorphins are also thought to be connected to euphoric feelings, appetite modulation, and the release of sex hormones. Prolonged, continuous exercise contributes to an increased production of endorphins and, in some people, the subsequent runner's high.
Cultural definitions for endorphins
Substances produced by the brain that have painkilling and tranquillizing effects on the body. Endorphins are thought to be similar to morphine and are usually released by the brain during times of extreme body stress. The release of endorphins may explain why trauma victims sometimes cannot feel the pain associated with their injuries.