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trauma

[trou-muh, traw-]
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noun, plural trau·mas, trau·ma·ta [trou-muh-tuh, traw-] /ˈtraʊ mə tə, ˈtrɔ-/.
  1. Pathology.
    1. a body wound or shock produced by sudden physical injury, as from violence or accident.
    2. the condition produced by this; traumatism.
  2. Psychiatry.
    1. an experience that produces psychological injury or pain.
    2. the psychological injury so caused.
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Origin of trauma

First recorded in 1685–95, trauma is from the Greek word traûma wound
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for trauma

trauma

noun plural -mata (-mətə) or -mas
  1. psychol a powerful shock that may have long-lasting effects
  2. pathol any bodily injury or wound
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Derived Formstraumatic (trɔːˈmætɪk), adjectivetraumatically, adverb

Word Origin

C18: from Greek: a wound
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for trauma

n.

1650s (implied in traumatic), "physical wound," from Greek trauma "wound," from PIE *tro-, *trau-, from root *tere- "to rub, turn" (see throw (v.)). Sense of "psychic wound, unpleasant experience which causes abnormal stress" is implied in traumatic, in psychological jargon 1889.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

trauma in Medicine

trauma

(trômə, trou-)
n. pl. trau•mas
  1. A serious bodily injury or shock, as from violence or an accident.
  2. A severely disturbing experience that leads to lasting psychological or emotional impairment.
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Related formstrau•matic (-mătĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

trauma in Science

trauma

[trômə, trou-]
  1. Severe bodily injury, as from a gunshot wound or a motor vehicle accident.
  2. Psychological or emotional injury caused by a deeply disturbing experience.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

trauma in Culture

trauma

[(trow-muh, traw-muh)]

Wounds that result from sudden physical injury or violence.

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Note

The term is frequently used to describe an emotional shock that causes serious psychological damage.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.