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# equivalence

[ ih-kwiv-uh-luhns or, for 3, ee-kwuh-vey-luhns ]

/ ÉªËˆkwÉªv É™ lÉ™ns or, for 3, ËŒi kwÉ™ËˆveÉª lÉ™ns /

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## Definition of equivalence

noun Also equivalency (for defs. 1, 2).

the state or fact of being equivalent; equality in value, force, significance, etc.

an instance of this; an equivalent.

Chemistry. the quality of having equal valence.

Logic, Mathematics.

- Also called material implication. the relation between two propositions such that the second is not false when the first is true.
- Also called material equivalence. the relation between two propositions such that they are either both true or both false.
- the relation between two propositions such that each logically implies the other.

adjective

(of a logical or mathematical relationship) reflexive, symmetrical, and transitive.

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## Origin of equivalence

1535â€“45; <Middle French <Medieval Latin aequivalentia, equivalent to Latin aequivalent-equivalent + -ia-ia; see -ence

## OTHER WORDS FROM equivalence

nonÂ·eÂ·quivÂ·aÂ·lence, noun## Words nearby equivalence

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Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Â© Random House, Inc. 2022

## How to use equivalence in a sentence

## British Dictionary definitions for equivalence

equivalence

### equivalency

/ (ÉªËˆkwÉªvÉ™lÉ™ns) /

noun

the state of being equivalent or interchangeable

maths logic

- the relationship between two statements, each of which implies the other
- Also called: biconditional the binary truth-function that takes the value true when both component sentences are true or when both are false, corresponding to English if and only if . Symbol: â‰¡ or â†”, as in â€“(p âˆ§ q) â‰¡ â€“ p âˆ¨ â€“ q

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