verb (used without object)
  1. to burst forth: Molten lava erupted from the top of the volcano.
  2. (of a volcano, geyser, etc.) to eject matter.
  3. to break out of a pent-up state, usually in a sudden and violent manner: Words of anger erupted from her.
  4. to break out in a skin rash: Hives erupted all over his face and hands.
  5. (of teeth) to grow through surrounding hard and soft tissues and become visible in the mouth.
verb (used with object)
  1. to release violently; burst forth with: She erupted angry words.
  2. (of a volcano, geyser, etc.) to eject (matter).

Origin of erupt

1650–60; < Latin ēruptus burst forth, broken out (past participle of ērumpere), equivalent to ē- e-1 + ruptus, past participle of rumpere to break, rupture
Related formse·rupt·i·ble, adjectivepre·e·rupt, verb (used without object)re·e·rupt, verb (used without object)un·e·rupt·ed, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for eruptible


  1. to eject (steam, water, and volcanic material such as lava and ash) violently or (of volcanic material, etc) to be so ejected
  2. (intr) (of a skin blemish) to appear on the skin; break out
  3. (intr) (of a tooth) to emerge through the gum and become visible during the normal process of tooth development
  4. (intr) to burst forth suddenly and violently, as from restraintto erupt in anger
Derived Formseruptible, adjectiveeruption, noun

Word Origin for erupt

C17: from Latin ēruptus having burst forth, from ērumpere, from rumpere to burst
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for eruptible



1650s, of diseases, etc., from Latin eruptus, past participle of erumpere "to break out, burst" (see eruption). Of volcanoes, from 1770. Related: Erupted; erupting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

eruptible in Medicine


  1. To break through the gums in developing. Used of teeth.
  2. To appear on the skin. Used of a rash or blemish.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.