- a member of a Palestinian sect, characterized by asceticism, celibacy, and joint holding of property, that flourished from the 2nd century b.c. to the 2nd century a.d.
Examples from the Web for essene
There is a hint of this in Essene's account of Lassik war stories (1942, p. 91).California Athabascan Groups
Martin A. Baumhoff
The twelve chosen were all Jews, probably of the Essene order.
We have stated Christ may have been an Essene either by birth or by conversion.
In the Essene monasteries, as in the Buddhist, there was no life vow.
The author says that all this is pure nihilism, and Essene communism.
- Judaism a member of an ascetic sect that flourished in Palestine from the second century bc to the second century ad, living in strictly organized communities
Word Origin and History for essene
1550s, member of a Jewish sect (first recorded 2c. B.C.E.), from Latin, from Greek Essenoi, of disputed etymology, perhaps from Hebrew tzenum "the modest ones," or Hebrew hashaim "the silent ones." Klein suggests Syriac hasen, plural absolute state of hase "pious."