OTHER WORDS FROM EsseneEs·se·ni·an [e-see-nee-uhn], /ɛˈsi ni ən/, Es·sen·ic [e-sen-ik], /ɛˈsɛn ɪk/, adjective
Words nearby Essene
MORE ABOUT ESSENE
What is an Essene?
An Essene is a member of a Jewish sect that existed from around 200 b.c.e. until 200 c.e.
The Essenes were a religious group that split from the Jewish majority to form their own community in the Palestinian desert. Historical evidence suggests that they lived in the caves of Qumran, located on the northwestern bank of the Dead Sea.
It is thought that the Essenes split off due to disgust or disagreement with some of the Jewish beliefs of the time. The Essenes lived very secluded lives, where every action was dictated by a religious leader. Most Essenes took vows of celibacy and no women were allowed to be members of the group. Essenes practiced asceticism, dedicating their lives to religious study and contemplation. The Essenes also practiced a system of community ownership where everything was shared by the community with no concept of private property. The Essenes were also opposed to slavery.
The Essenes believed that an apocalypse was fast approaching. According to them, the end of days would involve a massive battle between the “Sons of Light” and the “Sons of Darkness.” The Sons of Light would be (as you might expect) the Essenes themselves, and the Sons of Darkness included everyone else. The Essenes believed they alone would survive this battle as they were the chosen people.
Why is Essene important?
The first records of the term Essene come from around 1553. It comes from the ancient Greek Essēnoí and may come from Hebrew or Aramaic, but this is disputed.
The name “Essenes” was given to the group by historians and scholars. It is an English translation of names used by ancient Roman scholars such as Flavius Josephus and Pliny the Elder, who referred to them as “the pious ones” or “the modest ones. The Essenes used various names for themselves, such as “Men of the Community” and “Members of the Covenant.”
Interesigntly, the Essenes are never mentioned in the Bible alongside other Jewish sects that existed at the time, such as the Pharisees and the Sadducees. This could be due to their adherence to seclusion and dedication to keeping their rites a secret from outsiders.
Did you know … ?
Historians believe the Essenes were the authors of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which are religious texts that included passages of the Hebrew Bible, rules for being part of the religious community, and warnings of the coming apocalypse. These texts provide more insight on the details of the beliefs and lifestyles of the Essenes.
What are real-life examples of Essene?
In this video, a theology professor gives some insight into the lives and records of the Essenes:
The Essenes and their practices are often a fascinating subject to students of theology.
In 66-70CE the Essenes thought the world was gonna end
— Imoh (@ImohUmoren) October 28, 2012
Visiting Qumran, home of the Essenes, and where Dead Sea Scrolls discovered 1947. pic.twitter.com/M6JfmG84wW
— Paul Griffiths 🇦🇺 (@AusAmbIsrael) February 11, 2017
What other words are related to Essene?
True or False?
Only a woman could be an Essene.
How to use Essene in a sentence
Further, John's rite had a far deeper religious significance than the Essene washings.The Life of Jesus of Nazareth|Rush Rhees
Another derivation of the name Essene is "bather," baptist, from their frequent ablutions.
The original Essene ideas from which it had sprung were completely lost to view.
There is a hint of this in Essene's account of Lassik war stories (1942, p. 91).California Athabascan Groups|Martin A. Baumhoff
The twelve chosen were all Jews, probably of the Essene order.The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors|Kersey Graves