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essentialism

[uh-sen-shuh-liz-uh m]
noun Education.
  1. a doctrine that certain traditional concepts, ideals, and skills are essential to society and should be taught methodically to all students, regardless of individual ability, need, etc.
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Compare progressivism.

Origin of essentialism

First recorded in 1935–40; essential + -ism
Related formses·sen·tial·ist, noun, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for essentialism

essentialism

noun
  1. philosophy one of a number of related doctrines which hold that there are necessary properties of things, that these are logically prior to the existence of the individuals which instantiate them, and that their classification depends upon their satisfaction of sets of necessary conditions
  2. the doctrine that education should concentrate on teaching basic skills and encouraging intellectual self-discipline
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Derived Formsessentialist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for essentialism

n.

1939, from essential + -ism. Related: Essentialist.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper