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essentialist

[ uh-sen-shuh-list ]
/ əˈsɛn ʃəˌlɪst /
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noun
Philosophy. someone who follows the principles of essentialism, believing that the inward, or essential, nature of most things is invariable, as opposed to the properties that are accidental, phenomenal, illusory, etc.: The author calls gender essentialists to account for what she sees as their oversimplification of observed gender differences in children.
Education. someone who follows the principles of essentialism, a doctrine that certain traditional concepts, ideals, and skills are essential to society and should be taught methodically to all students: Essentialists argue that a key function of school is to give young people the basic knowledge necessary for good citizenship.
adjective
following the principles of essentialism: Scholars are increasingly warning against reducing ancient religions to monolithic, essentialist entities.Traditional disciplines such as math, natural science, history, foreign language, and literature form the foundation of the essentialist curriculum.
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Origin of essentialist

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

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