et cetera

[ et set-er-uh, se-truh ]
/ ɛt ˈsɛt ər ə, ˈsɛ trə /


and others; and so forth; and so on (used to indicate that more of the same sort or class might have been mentioned, but for brevity have been omitted): He had dogs, cats, guinea pigs, frogs, et cetera, as pets. Abbreviation: etc.

Origin of et cetera

1100–50; late Old English < Latin

usage note for et cetera

E t cetera , a Latin phrase, appears in English writing most frequently in its abbreviated form, etc . This phrase is used frequently in technical and business writing, somewhat less frequently in general informal writing, and sometimes in literary or formal writing. Expressions such as and so forth and and so on are useful substitutes. Because “and” is included in the meaning of et cetera , the expression and et cetera is redundant.

pronunciation note for et cetera

Pronunciations with [k] /k/ substituted for the first [t] /t/: [ek-set-er-uh] /ɛkˈsɛt ər ə/, or [ek-se-truh] /ɛkˈsɛ trə/, although occasionally used by educated speakers, are usually considered nonstandard. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for et cetera

et cetera


/ (ɪt ˈsɛtrə) /

and the rest; and others; and so forth: used at the end of a list to indicate that other items of the same class or type should be considered or included
or the like; or something else similar
Abbreviation: etc., &c
See also etceteras

Word Origin for et cetera

from Latin, from et and + cetera the other (things)

usage for et cetera

It is unnecessary to use and before etc as etc (et cetera) already means and other things. The repetition of etc, as in he brought paper, ink, notebooks, etc, etc, is avoided except in informal contexts
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012