[ et set-er-uh, se-truh ]
/ ɛt ˈsɛt ər ə, ˈsɛ trə /
and others; and so forth; and so on (used to indicate that more of the same sort or class might have been mentioned, but for brevity have been omitted): He had dogs, cats, guinea pigs, frogs, et cetera, as pets. Abbreviation: etc.
Lions and Tigers and Bears, Et Al.Et al. is used to shorten the list of names when a writer refers to a book, article or other published work that has three or more authors. Et al. means “and others.” It’s an abbreviation of the Latin et alii. It’s mainly used by academic writers when they cite other authors’ work in a paper or article. In popular media, et al. may be …
The Oldest Abbreviations In EnglishIn the age of LOL, WTF, and OMG, abbreviations are often looked at as a sign of the coming apocalypse. (Spoiler: LOL, WTF, and OMG are not the oldest abbreviations in English—you're shocked, we know.)
- et al.,
- et hoc genus omne,
- et seq.,
- et seqq.,
- et tu, brute,
- et tu, brute?
Origin of et cetera
1100–50; late Old English < Latin
E t cetera , a Latin phrase, appears in English writing most frequently in its abbreviated form, etc . This phrase is used frequently in technical and business writing, somewhat less frequently in general informal writing, and sometimes in literary or formal writing. Expressions such as and so forth and and so on are useful substitutes. Because “and” is included in the meaning of et cetera , the expression and et cetera is redundant.
Pronunciations with [k] /k/ substituted for the first [t] /t/: [ek-set-er-uh] /ɛkˈsɛt ər ə/, or [ek-se-truh] /ɛkˈsɛ trə/, although occasionally used by educated speakers, are usually considered nonstandard.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
/ (ɪt ˈsɛtrə) /
and the rest; and others; and so forth: used at the end of a list to indicate that other items of the same class or type should be considered or included
or the like; or something else similar
Abbreviation: etc., &c
See also etceteras
Word Origin for et cetera
from Latin, from et and + cetera the other (things)
It is unnecessary to use and before etc as etc (et cetera) already means and other things. The repetition of etc, as in he brought paper, ink, notebooks, etc, etc, is avoided except in informal contexts
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
also etcetera, early 15c., from Latin et cetera, literally "and the others," from et "and" + neuter of ceteri "the others." The common abbreviation was &c. before 20c., but etc. now prevails.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper