[ eks-kuh-vey-shuh n ]
/ ˌɛks kəˈveɪ ʃən /


a hole or cavity made by excavating.
the act of excavating.
an area in which excavating has been done or is in progress, as an archaeological site.

Nearby words

  1. excalation,
  2. excalibur,
  3. excardination,
  4. excaudate,
  5. excavate,
  6. excavation of optic disk,
  7. excavator,
  8. exceed,
  9. exceedance,
  10. exceeding

Origin of excavation

1605–15; < Latin excavātiōn- (stem of excavātiō) a hollowing. See excavate, -ion

Related formsex·ca·va·tion·al, adjectivenon·ex·ca·va·tion, nounre·ex·ca·va·tion, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for excavation

Word Origin and History for excavation



1610s, "action of excavating," from Latin excavationem (nominative excavatio) "a hollowing out," noun of action from past participle stem of excavare (see excavate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for excavation


[ ĕk′skə-vāshən ]


A natural cavity, pouch, or recess.
A cavity formed artificially or as the result of a pathological process.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.