[noun ek-sahyz, -sahys; verb ek-sahyz, ik-sahyz]


an internal tax or duty on certain commodities, as liquor or tobacco, levied on their manufacture, sale, or consumption within the country.
a tax levied for a license to carry on certain employments, pursue certain sports, etc.
British. the branch of the civil service that collects excise taxes.

verb (used with object), ex·cised, ex·cising.

to impose an excise on.

Nearby words

  1. excipient,
  2. exciple,
  3. excipulum,
  4. excircle,
  5. excisable,
  6. excise tax,
  7. exciseman,
  8. excision,
  9. excision biopsy,
  10. excitability

Origin of excise

1485–95; apparently < Middle Dutch excijs, variant of accijs < Medieval Latin accīsa tax, literally, a cut, noun use of feminine past participle of Latin accīdere to cut into, equivalent to ac- ac- + cīd-, variant stem of caedere to cut + -ta feminine past participle suffix, with dt > s



verb (used with object), ex·cised, ex·cis·ing.

to expunge, as a passage or sentence, from a text.
to cut out or off, as a tumor.

Origin of excise

1570–80; < Latin excīsus cut out, hewn down, past participle of excīdere to excide

Related formsex·cis·a·ble, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for excise

British Dictionary definitions for excise



noun (ˈɛksaɪz, ɛkˈsaɪz)

Also called: excise tax a tax on goods, such as spirits, produced for the home market
a tax paid for a licence to carry out various trades, sports, etc
British that section of the government service responsible for the collection of excise, now part of HMRC
Derived Formsexcisable, adjective

Word Origin for excise

C15: probably from Middle Dutch excijs, probably from Old French assise a sitting, assessment, from Latin assidēre to sit beside, assist in judging, from sedēre to sit

verb (tr)

to delete (a passage, sentence, etc); expunge
to remove (an organ, structure, or part) surgically
Derived Formsexcision (ɪkˈsɪʒən), noun

Word Origin for excise

C16: from Latin excīdere to cut down; see excide

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for excise
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for excise




To remove by cutting.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.