Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

experiment

[noun ik-sper-uh-muh nt; verb ek-sper-uh-ment]
See more synonyms for experiment on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. a test, trial, or tentative procedure; an act or operation for the purpose of discovering something unknown or of testing a principle, supposition, etc.: a chemical experiment; a teaching experiment; an experiment in living.
  2. the conducting of such operations; experimentation: a product that is the result of long experiment.
  3. Obsolete. experience.
Show More
verb (used without object)
  1. to try or test, especially in order to discover or prove something: to experiment with a new procedure.
Show More

Origin of experiment

1325–75; Middle English: proof < Latin experīmentum. See experience, -ment
Related formsex·per·i·ment·er, ex·per·i·men·tor, ex·per·i·men·ta·tor, nounpre·ex·per·i·ment, nounpro·ex·per·i·ment, adjectivere·ex·per·i·ment, verb (used without object), nounun·ex·per·i·ment·ed, adjective

Synonyms

See more synonyms for experiment on Thesaurus.com
2. research, investigation.

Synonym study

1. See trial.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for experiment

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for experiment

experiment

noun (ɪkˈspɛrɪmənt)
  1. a test or investigation, esp one planned to provide evidence for or against a hypothesis: a scientific experiment
  2. the act of conducting such an investigation or test; experimentation; research
  3. an attempt at something new or different; an effort to be originala poetic experiment
  4. an obsolete word for experience
Show More
verb (ɪkˈspɛrɪˌmɛnt)
  1. (intr) to make an experiment or experiments
Show More
Derived Formsexperimenter, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Latin experīmentum proof, trial, from experīrī to test; see experience
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for experiment

n.

mid-14c., from Old French esperment "practical knowledge, cunning, enchantment; trial, proof, example, lesson," from Latin experimentum "a trial, test, proof, experiment," noun of action from experiri "to test, try" (see experience).

Show More

v.

late 15c., from experiment (n.). Related: Experimented; experimenting.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

experiment in Medicine

experiment

(ĭk-spĕrə-mənt)
n.
  1. A test under controlled conditions that is made to demonstrate a known truth, to examine the validity of a hypothesis, or to determine the efficacy of something previously untried.
  2. The process of conducting such a test; experimentation.
  3. An innovative act or procedure.
  4. The result of experimentation.
Show More
v.
  1. To conduct an experiment.
  2. To try something new, especially in order to gain experience.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

experiment in Science

experiment

[ĭk-spĕrə-mənt]
  1. A test or procedure carried out under controlled conditions to determine the validity of a hypothesis or make a discovery. See Note at hypothesis.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.