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extinguish

[ik-sting-gwish]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted): to extinguish a candle.
  2. to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate: to extinguish hope.
  3. to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
  4. Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.
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Origin of extinguish

1535–45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2
Related formsex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveex·tin·guish·ment, nounnon·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectivenon·ex·tin·guished, adjectivepre·ex·tin·guish, verb (used with object)pre·ex·tin·guish·ment, nounself-ex·tin·guish·ing, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guished, adjective

Synonyms for extinguish

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1. quench, smother, snuff out, blow out.

Antonyms for extinguish

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for extinguishment

Historical Examples of extinguishment

  • His universe could scarcely note the extinguishment of a sun.

    Mixed Faces

    Roy Norton

  • "It is just extinguishment; that's the word for it," muttered he.

  • The one cardinal principle which he laid down was the extinguishment of debt.

    Albert Gallatin

    John Austin Stevens

  • The extinguishment of the burning roof, for the time, was complete.

    Ned in the Block-House

    Edward S. Ellis

  • If emancipation was the sole object, the extinguishment of slavery would be easy, cheap, and complete.


British Dictionary definitions for extinguishment

extinguish

verb (tr)
  1. to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
  2. to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
  3. archaic to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
  4. law to discharge (a debt)
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Derived Formsextinguishable, adjectiveextinguisher, nounextinguishment, noun

Word Origin for extinguish

C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extinguishment

extinguish

v.

c.1500 (implied in extinguishable), from Latin extinguere/exstinguere "quench, wipe out, obliterate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stinguere "quench," from PIE *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce." Related: Extinguished; extinguishing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extinguishment in Medicine

extinguish

(ĭk-stĭnggwĭsh)
n.
  1. To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.