extinguish

[ik-sting-gwish]

verb (used with object)

to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted): to extinguish a candle.
to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate: to extinguish hope.
to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.

Origin of extinguish

1535–45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2
Related formsex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveex·tin·guish·ment, nounnon·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectivenon·ex·tin·guished, adjectivepre·ex·tin·guish, verb (used with object)pre·ex·tin·guish·ment, nounself-ex·tin·guish·ing, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guished, adjective

Synonyms for extinguish

1. quench, smother, snuff out, blow out.

Antonyms for extinguish

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for extinguish

Contemporary Examples of extinguish

Historical Examples of extinguish

  • I sprang to my feet and took immediate measures to extinguish the flames.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • It would be well to extinguish the fire, and have a watch—listen!

    The Last of the Mohicans

    James Fenimore Cooper

  • The villagers were summoned to extinguish fires by ringing of bells.

    English Villages

    P. H. Ditchfield

  • Jealousy evermore blows the flame it seems formed to extinguish.

    Imogen

    William Godwin

  • But should a “holy alliance of legitimates” extinguish it, it will be but for a season.

    Chronicles of Border Warfare

    Alexander Scott Withers


British Dictionary definitions for extinguish

extinguish

verb (tr)

to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
archaic to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
law to discharge (a debt)
Derived Formsextinguishable, adjectiveextinguisher, nounextinguishment, noun

Word Origin for extinguish

C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extinguish
v.

c.1500 (implied in extinguishable), from Latin extinguere/exstinguere "quench, wipe out, obliterate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stinguere "quench," from PIE *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce." Related: Extinguished; extinguishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extinguish in Medicine

extinguish

[ĭk-stĭnggwĭsh]

n.

To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.