• synonyms


See more synonyms for extinguish on Thesaurus.com
verb (used with object)
  1. to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted): to extinguish a candle.
  2. to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate: to extinguish hope.
  3. to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
  4. Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.
Show More

Origin of extinguish

1535–45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2
Related formsex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveex·tin·guish·ment, nounnon·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectivenon·ex·tin·guished, adjectivepre·ex·tin·guish, verb (used with object)pre·ex·tin·guish·ment, nounself-ex·tin·guish·ing, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guished, adjective

Synonyms for extinguish

See more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
1. quench, smother, snuff out, blow out.

Antonyms for extinguish

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for extinguish

quench, smother, suffocate, douse, annihilate, exterminate, suppress, obliterate, quell, erase, eliminate, abate, destroy, eradicate, trample, drown, stifle, choke, out, end

Examples from the Web for extinguish

Contemporary Examples of extinguish

Historical Examples of extinguish

  • I sprang to my feet and took immediate measures to extinguish the flames.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • It would be well to extinguish the fire, and have a watch—listen!

    The Last of the Mohicans

    James Fenimore Cooper

  • The villagers were summoned to extinguish fires by ringing of bells.

    English Villages

    P. H. Ditchfield

  • Jealousy evermore blows the flame it seems formed to extinguish.


    William Godwin

  • But should a “holy alliance of legitimates” extinguish it, it will be but for a season.

    Chronicles of Border Warfare

    Alexander Scott Withers

British Dictionary definitions for extinguish


verb (tr)
  1. to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
  2. to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
  3. archaic to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
  4. law to discharge (a debt)
Show More
Derived Formsextinguishable, adjectiveextinguisher, nounextinguishment, noun

Word Origin for extinguish

C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extinguish


c.1500 (implied in extinguishable), from Latin extinguere/exstinguere "quench, wipe out, obliterate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stinguere "quench," from PIE *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce." Related: Extinguished; extinguishing.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extinguish in Medicine


  1. To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.