[ ih-rad-i-keyt ]
/ ɪˈræd ɪˌkeɪt /

verb (used with object), e·rad·i·cat·ed, e·rad·i·cat·ing.

to remove or destroy utterly; extirpate: to eradicate smallpox throughout the world.
to erase by rubbing or by means of a chemical solvent: to eradicate a spot.
to pull up by the roots: to eradicate weeds.

Nearby words

  1. er,
  2. er rif,
  3. era,
  4. eradiate,
  5. eradicable,
  6. eradication,
  7. erasable,
  8. erase,
  9. eraser,
  10. erasing head

Origin of eradicate

1555–65; < Latin ērādīcātus rooted out (past participle of ērādīcāre), equivalent to ē- e-1 + rādīc- (stem of rādīx) root1 + -ātus -ate1

Related forms

Synonym study

1. See abolish. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for eradicate

British Dictionary definitions for eradicate


/ (ɪˈrædɪˌkeɪt) /

verb (tr)

to obliterate; stamp out
to pull or tear up by the roots
Derived Forms

Word Origin for eradicate

C16: from Latin ērādīcāre to uproot, from ex- 1 + rādīx root

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for eradicate



early 15c., from Latin eradicatus, past participle of eradicare "to root out" (see eradication). Related: Eradicated; eradicating; eradicable.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper