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extraction

[ik-strak-shuh n]
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noun
  1. an act or instance of extracting: the extraction of a molar.
  2. the state or fact of being extracted.
  3. descent or lineage: to be of foreign extraction.
  4. something extracted; extract.
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Origin of extraction

1375–1425; late Middle English extraccioun < Late Latin extractiōn- (stem of extractiō). See extract, -ion
Related formsnon·ex·trac·tion, nouno·ver·ex·trac·tion, nounpre·ex·trac·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

eradicationdescentabstractionderivationevocationseparationwithdrawalextirpationexpressiondrawingelicitationextricationlineageparentagefamilyracebloodbirthstockpedigree

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British Dictionary definitions for extraction

extraction

noun
  1. the act of extracting or the condition of being extracted
  2. something extracted; an extract
    1. the act or an instance of extracting a tooth or teeth
    2. a tooth or teeth extracted
  3. origin, descent, lineage, or ancestryof German extraction
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extraction

n.

early 15c., from Old French estraction (12c.) or directly from Medieval Latin extractionem (nominative extractio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin extrahere (see extract (v.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extraction in Medicine

extraction

(ĭk-străkshən)
n.
  1. The act of extracting or the condition of being extracted.
  2. Something obtained by extracting; an extract.
  3. The removal by withdrawing or pulling out of a tooth from its socket.
  4. Removal of a baby from the genital canal in assisted delivery.
  5. The active portion of a drug.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.