extract

[verb ik-strakt or especially for 5, ek-strakt; noun ek-strakt]

verb (used with object)

noun


Origin of extract

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin extractus (past participle of extrahere). See ex-1, tract1
Related formsex·tract·a·ble, ex·tract·i·ble, adjectiveex·tract·a·bil·i·ty, ex·tract·i·bil·i·ty, nounnon·ex·tract·a·ble, adjectivenon·ex·tract·ed, adjectivenon·ex·tract·i·ble, adjectiveo·ver·ex·tract, verb (used with object)pre·ex·tract, verb (used with object)un·ex·tract·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·tract·ed, adjective

Synonyms for extract

1. pry out. 6. evoke, educe, draw out, elicit. Extract, exact, extort, wrest imply using force to remove something. To extract is to draw forth something as by pulling, importuning, or the like: to extract a confession by torture. To exact is to impose a penalty, or to obtain by force or authority, something to which one lays claim: to exact payment. To extort is to wring something by intimidation or threats from an unwilling person: to extort money by threats of blackmail. To wrest is to take by force or violence in spite of active resistance: The courageous minority wrested power from their oppressors. 7. withdraw, distill. 10. citation, selection. 11. decoction, distillation.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


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Contemporary Examples of extract

Historical Examples of extract


British Dictionary definitions for extract

extract

verb (ɪkˈstrækt) (tr)

to withdraw, pull out, or uproot by force
to remove or separate
to derive (pleasure, information, etc) from some source or situation
to deduce or develop (a doctrine, policy, etc)
informal to extort (money, etc)
to obtain (a substance) from a mixture or material by a chemical or physical process, such as digestion, distillation, the action of a solvent, or mechanical separation
to cut out or copy out (an article, passage, quotation, etc) from a publication
to determine the value of (the root of a number)

noun (ˈɛkstrækt)

something extracted, such as a part or passage from a book, speech, etc
a preparation containing the active principle or concentrated essence of a materialbeef extract; yeast extract
pharmacol a solution of plant or animal tissue containing the active principle
Derived Formsextractable, adjectiveextractability, noun

Word Origin for extract

C15: from Latin extractus drawn forth, from extrahere, from trahere to drag

usage

Extract is sometimes wrongly used where extricate would be better: he will find it difficult extricating (not extracting) himself from this situation
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extract
v.

late 15c., from Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere "draw out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + trahere "to draw" (see tract (n.1)). Related: Extracted; extracting.

n.

mid-15c., from Late Latin extractum, noun use of neuter past participle of extrahere "to draw out" (see extract (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extract in Medicine

extract

[ĭk-străkt]

v.

To draw or pull out, using force or effort.
To obtain from a substance by chemical or mechanical action, as by pressure, distillation, or evaporation.
To remove for separate consideration or publication; excerpt.
To determine or calculate the root of a number.

n.

A concentrated preparation of a drug obtained by removing the active constituents of the drug with suitable solvents, evaporating all or nearly all of the solvent, and adjusting the residual mass or powder to the prescribed standard.
A preparation of the essential constituents of a food or a flavoring; a concentrate.
Related formsex•tracta•ble null adj.ex•tractor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.