derive

[ dih-rahyv ]
/ dɪˈraɪv /

verb (used with object), de·rived, de·riv·ing.

to receive or obtain from a source or origin (usually followed by from).
to trace from a source or origin: English words derived from German.
to reach or obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer.
Chemistry. to produce or obtain (a substance) from another.
Grammar. to create (a new linguistic form) by adding affixes to or changing the shape of a root or base: The word “runner” is derived from “run.”

verb (used without object), de·rived, de·riv·ing.

to come from a source or origin; originate (often followed by from).

Nearby words

  1. derisory,
  2. deriv.,
  3. derivate,
  4. derivation,
  5. derivative,
  6. derived curve,
  7. derived form,
  8. derived fossil,
  9. derived unit,
  10. derleth

Origin of derive

1350–1400; Middle English diriven, deriven to flow, draw from, spring < Anglo-French, Old French deriver < Latin dērīvāre to lead off, equivalent to dē- de- + rīv(us) a stream + -āre infinitive suffix

Related forms
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for derive


British Dictionary definitions for derive

derive

/ (dɪˈraɪv) /

verb

(usually foll by from) to draw or be drawn (from) in source or origin; trace or be traced
(tr) to obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer
(tr) to trace the source or development of
(usually foll by from) to produce or be produced (from) by a chemical reaction
maths to obtain (a function) by differentiation
Derived Formsderivable, adjectivederiver, noun

Word Origin for derive

C14: from Old French deriver to spring from, from Latin dērīvāre to draw off, from de- + rīvus a stream

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for derive

derive

v.

late 14c., from Old French deriver "to flow, pour out; derive, originate," from Latin derivare "to lead or draw off (a stream of water) from its source" (in Late Latin also "to derive"), from phrase de rivo (de "from" + rivus "stream;" see rivulet). Etymological sense is 1550s. Related: Derived; deriving.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for derive

derive

[ dĭ-rīv ]

v.

To obtain or receive from a source.
To produce or obtain a chemical compound from another substance by chemical reaction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.