noun, plural fac·ul·ties.
- the entire teaching and administrative force of a university, college, or school.
- one of the departments of learning, as theology, medicine, or law, in a university.
- the teaching body, sometimes with the students, in any of these departments.
- facultative anaerobe,
- facultative apomict,
- facultative hyperopia,
- facultative parasite,
- faculty of advocates,
Origin of faculty
noun plural -ties
- a department within a university or college devoted to a particular branch of knowledge
- the staff of such a department
- mainly US and Canadianall the teaching staff at a university, college, school, etc
Word Origin for faculty
late 14c., "ability, means, resources," from Old French faculté (14c.) "skill, accomplishment, learning," and directly from Latin facultatem (nominative facultas) "power, ability, wealth," from *facli-tat-s, from facilis (see facile).
Academic sense "branch of knowledge" probably was the earliest in English (attested in Anglo-Latin from late 12c.), on notion of "ability in knowledge." Originally each department was a faculty; the use in reference to the whole teaching staff of a college dates from 1767.