finca

[ fing-kuh; Spanish feeng-kah ]
/ ˈfɪŋ kə; Spanish ˈfiŋ kɑ /

noun, plural fin·cas [fing-kuh z; Spanish feeng-kahs] /ˈfɪŋ kəz; Spanish ˈfiŋ kɑs/.

a ranch or large farm in a Spanish-speaking country, especially a plantation in tropical Spanish America.

Origin of finca

1905–10; < Spanish: property, real estate, farm (apparently orig., amount left over; hence, a sum of money > income from a property > the property itself), derivative of Old Spanish fincar to remain, stative derivative of fincar (Spanish hincar) to drive in, fix, sink (a nail), alteration of ficar (< Vulgar Latin *fīgicāre, for Latin fīgere; cf. fichu), with -n- perhaps from dial. finsar to mark out (ultimately < *fīxāre; see fix)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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