- any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multinucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow, comprising the mushrooms, molds, mildews, smuts, rusts, and yeasts, and classified in the kingdom Fungi or, in some classification systems, in the division Fungi (Thallophyta) of the kingdom Plantae.
- Pathology. a spongy, abnormal growth, as granulation tissue formed in a wound.
Origin of fungus
Examples from the Web for fungus
Briefly, blister rust is an Asian fungus introduced from Europe to America around 1900.What It Takes to Kill a Grizzly Bear
November 23, 2014
Or how leaf-cutter ants cultivate a specific type of fungus so precious it is carried by the queen when she starts a new colony.Jared Diamond Talks About His New Book for Young Readers
April 12, 2014
Salt Point is also the setting of a cautionary tale about foraging that has spread like a fungus among the mycological community.The Foraging Wars: Extreme Eating Hits California
Debra A. Klein
January 31, 2014
Chronicling the fungus foragers who count posh New York restaurants as their clients.This Week’s Hot Reads: Sept. 2, 2013
September 2, 2013
These two types of fungus leave a dusty or cottony coating on grapes and leaves.Bad News for the Bubbly: Champagne Suffers Worst Season in Decades
August 17, 2012
It is supposed that Galen first brought specimens of this fungus from that region.
Strobilomyces is from two Greek words meaning a pine-cone and a fungus.
Cyclomyces is from two Greek words, meaning a circle and fungus.
Gastromycetes is from two Greek words: gaster, stomach; mycetes, fungus.
"Try a bit of it," said he, offering the fungus to one of his companions.
- any member of a kingdom of organisms (Fungi) that lack chlorophyll, leaves, true stems, and roots, reproduce by spores, and live as saprotrophs or parasites. The group includes moulds, mildews, rusts, yeasts, and mushrooms
- something resembling a fungus, esp in suddenly growing and spreading rapidly
- pathol any soft tumorous growth
Word Origin and History for fungus
1520s, from Latin fungus "a mushroom," in English as a learned alternative to mushroom. (Funge was used in this sense late 14c.) The Latin word is believed to be cognate with (or derived from) Greek sphongos, the Attic form of spongos "sponge" (see sponge).
- Any of numerous eukaryotic organisms that reproduce by spores. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. The hyphae often produce specialized reproductive bodies, such as mushrooms.
- Any of a wide variety of organisms that reproduce by spores, including the mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. Fungi absorb food by excreting enzymes that break down complex substances into molecules that can be absorbed into the hyphae. The hyphae also produce reproductive structures, such as mushrooms and other growths. Some fungi (called perfect fungi) can reproduce by both sexually produced spores and asexual spores; other fungi (called imperfect fungi or deuteromycetes) are thought to have lost their sexual stage and can only reproduce by asexual spores. Fungi can live in a wide variety of environments, and fungal spores can survive extreme temperatures. Fungi exist in over 100,000 species, nearly all of which live on land. They can be extremely destructive, feeding on almost any kind of material and causing food spoilage and many plant diseases. Although fungi were once grouped with plants, they are now considered a separate kingdom in taxonomy. See Table at taxonomy.