glutathione

[ gloo-tuh-thahy-ohn ]

nounBiochemistry.
  1. a crystalline, water-soluble peptide of glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine, C10H17N3O6S, found in blood and in animal and plant tissues, and important in tissue oxidations and in the activation of some enzymes.

Origin of glutathione

1
First recorded in 1920–25; gluta(mic acid) + thi- + -one

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British Dictionary definitions for glutathione

glutathione

/ (ˌɡluːtəˈθaɪəʊn, -θaɪˈəʊn) /


noun
  1. biochem a tripeptide consisting of glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine: important in biological oxidations and the activation of some enzymes. Formula: C 10 H 17 N 3 O 6 S

Origin of glutathione

1
C20: from gluta (mic acid) + thi- + -one

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for glutathione

glutathione

[ glōō′tə-thīōn′ ]


  1. A polypeptide consisting of glycine, cysteine, and glutamic acid that occurs widely in plant and animal tissues. It is important in cellular respiration in both plants and animals, and serves as a cofactor for many enzymes. It is a major protective mechanism against oxidative stress. For example, it protects red blood cells from hydrogen peroxide, a toxic byproduct of certain metabolic reactions.

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