[ glis-er-in ]
/ ˈglɪs ər ɪn /

noun Chemistry.


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Also glyc·er·ine [glis-er-in, -uh-reen, glis-uh-reen] /ˈglɪs ər ɪn, -əˌrin, ˌglɪs əˈrin/.

Origin of glycerin

1830–40; < French glycérine, equivalent to Greek glyker(ós) sweet + -ine -in2

Definition for glycerine (2 of 2)

[ glis-uh-rawl, -rol ]
/ ˈglɪs əˌrɔl, -ˌrɒl /


a colorless, odorless, syrupy, sweet liquid, C3H8O3, usually obtained by the saponification of natural fats and oils: used for sweetening and preserving food, in the manufacture of cosmetics, perfumes, inks, and certain glues and cements, as a solvent and automobile antifreeze, and in medicine in suppositories and skin emollients.
Also called glycerin, glycerine.

Origin of glycerol

First recorded in 1880–85; glycer(in) + -ol1 Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for glycerine

British Dictionary definitions for glycerine (1 of 2)


glycerin (ˈɡlɪsərɪn)

/ (ˈɡlɪsərɪn, ˌɡlɪsəˈriːn) /


another name (not in technical usage) for glycerol

Word Origin for glycerine

C19: from French glycérine, from Greek glukeros sweet + -ine -in; related to Greek glukus sweet

British Dictionary definitions for glycerine (2 of 2)

/ (ˈɡlɪsəˌrɒl) /


a colourless or pale yellow odourless sweet-tasting syrupy liquid; 1,2,3-propanetriol: a by-product of soap manufacture, used as a solvent, antifreeze, plasticizer, and sweetener (E422). Formula: C 3 H 8 O 3Also called (not in technical usage): glycerine, glycerin

Word Origin for glycerol

C19: from glycer (ine) + -ol 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for glycerine (1 of 2)



Glycerol or a preparation of glycerol.

Medical definitions for glycerine (2 of 2)

[ glĭsə-rôl′, -rōl′ ]


A sweet syrupy fluid obtained by the saponification of fats and fixed oils, used as a solvent, a skin emollient, and as a vehicle and sweetening agent; it is also used by injection or in suppository form for constipation and orally to reduce ocular tension.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for glycerine (1 of 2)


See glycerol.

Scientific definitions for glycerine (2 of 2)

[ glĭsə-rôl′ ]

A sweet, syrupy liquid obtained from animal fats and oils or by the fermentation of glucose. It is used as a solvent, sweetener, and antifreeze and in making explosives and soaps. Glycerol consists of a propane molecule attached to three hydroxyl (OH) groups. Also called glycerin, glycerine. Chemical formula: C3H8O3.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.