- the rate of change with respect to distance of a variable quantity, as temperature or pressure, in the direction of maximum change.
- a curve representing such a rate of change.
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Origin of gradient
Words nearby gradient
Example sentences from the Web for gradient
Inside the liner laid the Lip Maestro Liquid Lipstick in 105, followed by the Lip Maestro Liquid Lipstick in 103 for a gradient appeal.Taraji P. Henson’s AMA Makeup Look Had To Complement A Whopping 10 Outfit Changes|cmurray|November 23, 2020|Essence.com
The resulting gradient from alkaline to more acidic water is like the difference between the positive and negative ends of a battery and can serve as an energy source for chemical activity.Life on Earth may have begun in hostile hot springs|Jack J. Lee|September 24, 2020|Science News
This difference, or gradient, makes a positive charge build up on one side of the “wires” and a negative charge on the other.
There’s a wide gradient up to dry enough to burn explosively.What’s behind August 2020’s extreme weather? Climate change and bad luck|Carolyn Gramling|August 27, 2020|Science News
Based on these gradients of information flow, the Santa Fe team distinguishes three types of individuality.What Is an Individual? Biology Seeks Clues in Information Theory.|Jordana Cepelewicz|July 16, 2020|Quanta Magazine
The gradient is not noticeable, for there are ups and downs all the way, and ridges of hills here and there.Across America by Motor-cycle|C. K. Shepherd
Both sledges ran easily for nearly a mile over neve, when the gradient increased to one in ten, forcing us to relay.The Home of the Blizzard|Douglas Mawson
They replied that if we stuck they would pull us out, and making a dash for it I managed to get on the gradient and up again.Across the Prairie in a Motor Caravan|Frances Halton Eva Hasell
The city lies on a continuous slope varying in gradient, but in some districts very steep.
The gradient thus formed dictates the character of a bow to a great extent.Hunting with the Bow and Arrow|Saxton Pope
British Dictionary definitions for gradient
- (of a curve) the slope of the tangent at any point on a curve with respect to the horizontal axis
- (of a function, f (x, y, z)) the vector whose components along the axes are the partial derivatives of the function with respect to each variable, and whose direction is that in which the derivative of the function has its maximum value. Usually written: grad f, ∇ f or ∇ fCompare curl (def. 11), divergence (def. 4)