Definition of gradient
- the rate of change with respect to distance of a variable quantity, as temperature or pressure, in the direction of maximum change.
- a curve representing such a rate of change.
Origin of gradient
Words nearby gradient
How to use gradient in a sentence
Inside the liner laid the Lip Maestro Liquid Lipstick in 105, followed by the Lip Maestro Liquid Lipstick in 103 for a gradient appeal.Taraji P. Henson’s AMA Makeup Look Had To Complement A Whopping 10 Outfit Changes|cmurray|November 23, 2020|Essence.com
The resulting gradient from alkaline to more acidic water is like the difference between the positive and negative ends of a battery and can serve as an energy source for chemical activity.Life on Earth may have begun in hostile hot springs|Jack J. Lee|September 24, 2020|Science News
This difference, or gradient, makes a positive charge build up on one side of the “wires” and a negative charge on the other.
There’s a wide gradient up to dry enough to burn explosively.What’s behind August 2020’s extreme weather? Climate change and bad luck|Carolyn Gramling|August 27, 2020|Science News
Based on these gradients of information flow, the Santa Fe team distinguishes three types of individuality.What Is an Individual? Biology Seeks Clues in Information Theory.|Jordana Cepelewicz|July 16, 2020|Quanta Magazine
Its largest tributary, North Caney Creek, has a gradient of 15.5 feet per mile.Fishes of Chautauqua, Cowley and Elk Counties, Kansas|Artie L. Metcalf
At five and a half miles the brow of the main rise was reached, and the gradient became much flatter beyond it.
Both sledges ran easily for nearly a mile over neve, when the gradient increased to one in ten, forcing us to relay.
This ridge had a gradient of one in ten, and, unfortunately, also sloped down towards one of the open crevasses.
This is really the driving wheel by which it slowly moves up the steep gradient.From the Thames to the Tiber|J. Wardle
British Dictionary definitions for gradient
- (of a curve) the slope of the tangent at any point on a curve with respect to the horizontal axis
- (of a function, f (x, y, z)) the vector whose components along the axes are the partial derivatives of the function with respect to each variable, and whose direction is that in which the derivative of the function has its maximum value. Usually written: grad f, ∇ f or ∇ fCompare curl (def. 11), divergence (def. 4)