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gram1

[gram]
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noun
  1. a metric unit of mass or weight equal to 15.432 grains; one thousandth of a kilogram. Abbreviation: g
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Also especially British, gramme.

Origin of gram1

1790–1800; < French gramme < Late Latin gramma a small weight < Greek grámma something drawn, a small weight

gram2

[gram]
noun
  1. (in the East Indies) the chickpea used as a food for people and cattle.
  2. any of several other beans, as the mung bean, Vigna radiata (green gram or golden gram), or the urd, V. mungo (black gram).
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Origin of gram2

1695–1705; < Portuguese grão < Latin grānum grain

Gram

[grahm]
noun
  1. (in the Volsunga Saga) the sword of Sigmund, broken by Odin, repaired by Regin, and used again by Sigurd in killing Fafnir.
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Compare Balmung.

Origin of Gram

From the Old Norse word Gramr literally, angry, evil

gram.

-gram1

  1. a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “something written,” “drawing” (epigram; diagram); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (oscillogram).
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Compare -graph.

Origin of -gram1

< Greek -gramma, combining form of grámma something written or drawn; akin to carve

-gram2

  1. a combining form of gram1: kilogram.
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-gram3

  1. a combining form extracted from telegram, used in the formation of compound words that have the general sense “message, bulletin”: culturegram; electiongram; prophecy-gram.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for gram

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • All I know is that an elephant was an animal about the size of one of your Gram megatheres.

    Space Viking

    Henry Beam Piper

  • No mention of the incident was made in any of the reports sent back to Gram.

    Space Viking

    Henry Beam Piper

  • You think we don't have plenty of Neobarbarian material here on Gram?

    Space Viking

    Henry Beam Piper

  • Boake Valkanhayn would command her on the voyage to and from Gram.

    Space Viking

    Henry Beam Piper

  • A hundred and twenty-five days to Gram, and a hundred and twenty-five days back.

    Space Viking

    Henry Beam Piper


British Dictionary definitions for gram

gram1

noun
  1. a metric unit of mass equal to one thousandth of a kilogram. It is equivalent to 15.432 grains or 0.002 205 poundsSymbol: g
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Word Origin

C18: from French gramme, from Late Latin gramma, from Greek: small weight, from graphein to write

gram2

noun
  1. any of several leguminous plants, such as the beans Phaseolus mungo (black gram or urd) and P. aureus (green gram), whose seeds are used as food in India
  2. the seed of any of these plants
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Word Origin

C18: from Portuguese gram (modern spelling grão), from Latin grānum grain

gram3

noun
  1. (in India) a village
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Word Origin

Hindi

gram.

abbreviation for
  1. grammar
  2. grammatical
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-gram

n combining form
  1. indicating a drawing or something written or recordedhexagram; telegram
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Word Origin

from Latin -gramma, from Greek, from gramma letter and grammē line
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for gram

n.

metric unit of weight," 1797, from French gramme (18c.), from Late Latin gramma "small weight," from Greek gramma "small weight," originally "letter of the alphabet," from stem of graphein "to draw, write" (see -graphy). Adopted into English about two years before it was established in France as a unit in the metric system by law of 19 frimaire, year VIII (1799).

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-gram

suffix from telegram (1852), first abstracted 1979 (in Gorillagram, a proprietary name in U.S.), and put to wide use in forming new words, such as stripagram (1981). The construction violates Greek grammar, as an adverb could not properly form part of a compound noun.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

gram in Medicine

gram

(grăm)
n.
  1. A metric unit of mass equal to 15.432 grains, one thousandth (10-3) of a kilogram, or 0.035 ounce.
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Gram

(grăm, gräm)Hans Christian Joachim 1853-1938
  1. Danish physician who developed (1884) Gram's stain as a method of distinguishing types of bacteria.
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-gram

suff.
  1. Something written or drawn; a record:cardiogram.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

gram in Science

gram

[grăm]
  1. A unit of mass in the metric system, equal to 0.001 kilogram or 0.035 ounce. See Table at measurement.
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Gram

[gräm, grăm]
  1. Danish bacteriologist who in 1884 developed a method of staining bacteria, called Gram's stain or Gram's dye, that is used to identify and classify bacteria, often from samples of infected body fluids. The classification, called gram-negative or gram-positive, can be useful in the initial selection of antibiotics to treat the infection.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

gram in Culture

gram

The basic unit of measurement for mass in the metric system; one cubic centimeter of water has a mass of approximately one gram.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.