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granite

[gran-it]
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noun
  1. a coarse-grained igneous rock composed chiefly of orthoclase and albite feldspars and of quartz, usually with lesser amounts of one or more other minerals, as mica, hornblende, or augite.
  2. anything compared to this rock in great hardness, firmness, or durability.
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Origin of granite

First recorded in 1640–50, granite is from the Italian word granito grainy. See grain, -ite1
Related formsgra·nit·ic [gruh-nit-ik] /grəˈnɪt ɪk/, adjectivegran·ite·like, adjectivepre·gra·nit·ic, adjective
Can be confusedgranite granité

granité

[gran-i-tey, grah-ni-; French gra-nee-tey]
noun French Cookery.
  1. ice(def 4).
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Origin of granité

From French
Can be confusedgranite granité
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

ashendingydrabduskydustyironleadleadenlividmousyneutralpearlypepperypowdersereslatesmokysomberstoneclouded

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British Dictionary definitions for granite

granite

noun
  1. a light-coloured coarse-grained acid plutonic igneous rock consisting of quartz, feldspars, and such ferromagnesian minerals as biotite or hornblende: widely used for building
  2. great hardness, endurance, or resolution
  3. another name for a stone (def. 9)
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Derived Formsgranite-like, adjectivegranitic (ɡrəˈnɪtɪk) or granitoid, adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Italian granito grained, from granire to grain, from grano grain, from Latin grānum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for granite

n.

1640s, from French granit(e) (17c.) or directly from Italian granito "granite," originally "grained," past participle of granire "granulate, make grainy," from grano "grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). In reference to the appearance of the rock. Used figuratively for "hardness" (of the heart, head, etc.) from 1839. New Hampshire, U.S., has been the Granite State since at least 1825.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

granite in Science

granite

[grănĭt]
  1. A usually light-colored, coarse-grained igneous rock consisting mostly of quartz, orthoclase feldspar, sodium-rich plagioclase feldspar, and micas. Quartz usually makes up 10 to 50 percent of the light-colored minerals in granite, with the remaining minerals consisting of the feldspars and muscovite. The darker minerals in granite are usually biotite and hornblende. Granite is one of the most common rocks in the crust of continents, and is formed by the slow, underground cooling of magma.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

granite in Culture

granite

A relatively lightweight igneous rock that makes up most of the Earth's crust beneath the continents. (See basalt, plate tectonics, and tectonic plates.)

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.