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Origin of gross

First recorded in 1350–1400; Middle English, from Old French gros “large” (as noun, grosse “twelve dozen”), from Late Latin gross(us) “thick, coarse”

synonym study for gross

3. See flagrant.

OTHER WORDS FROM gross

Other definitions for gross (2 of 2)

Gross
[ grohs ]
/ groʊs /

noun
Chaim [khahym], /xaɪm/, 1904–1991, U.S. sculptor and graphic artist, born in Austria.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

GROSS VS. NET

What’s the difference between gross and net?

In the context of finance and accounting, gross refers to the total amount before any deductions, while net refers to the final amount that remains after deductions have been made.

Of course, gross and net are common words with many other meanings, but these senses of gross and net are used in the context of measuring something (especially money) that has been accumulated—profit, income, earnings, gains, etc.

The amount described or referred to as gross is everything that has been taken in, not accounting for things like debts, deductions, and expenses. The amount described or referred to as net is how much you have left after you’ve subtracted anything that doesn’t count toward profit, like debts and expenses.

In other words, net is basically gross minus whatever you owe or have spent. For this reason, net is always lower than gross.

For example, let’s say you decide to sell cupcakes at a bake sale. You spend $15 on ingredients, and you have to rent a table for $5, which equals $20 in expenses. Good news, you make $50 in cupcake sales. Your gross is $50. Minus the $20 in expenses, your net is $30. You could say you grossed $50 and netted $30.

To remember the difference, remember that a net sifts whatever goes into it so that only some remains.

Here’s an example of gross and net used correctly in the same sentence.

Example: For this quarter, gross income was $2 million, but $1.25 million in expenses and outstanding debts resulted in a net of only $750,000.

Want to learn more? Read the full breakdown of the difference between gross and net.

Quiz yourself on gross vs. net!

Should gross or net be used in the following sentence?

I expect to _____ $1,000, after expenses.

How to use gross in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for gross

Derived forms of gross

grossly, adverbgrossness, noun

Word Origin for gross

C14: from Old French gros large, from Late Latin grossus thick
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for gross

Gross
[ grōs ]
Samuel David 1805-1884

American surgeon and educator who wrote widely influential medical treatises, including A System of Surgery (1859).
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Cultural definitions for gross

gross

Exclusive of deductions, prior to taxation, as in gross income. (Compare net.) Total, aggregate, as in gross domestic product.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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