hepatitis

[hep-uh-tahy-tis]
noun Pathology.
  1. inflammation of the liver, caused by a virus or a toxin and characterized by jaundice, liver enlargement, and fever.

Origin of hepatitis

From the Greek word hēpatîtis, dating back to 1720–30. See hepat-, -itis
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for hepatitis

hepatitis

noun
  1. inflammation of the liver, characterized by fever, jaundice, and weaknessSee hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hepatitis
n.

1727, coined from Greek hepatos, genitive of hepar "liver," from PIE root *yekwr- (cf. Sanskrit yakrt, Avestan yakar, Persian jigar, Latin jecur, Old Lithuanian jeknos "liver") + -itis "inflammation."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

hepatitis in Medicine

hepatitis

[hĕp′ə-tītĭs]
n. pl. hep•a•tit•i•des (-tĭtĭ-dēz′)
  1. Inflammation of the liver, caused by infectious or toxic agents and characterized by jaundice, fever, liver enlargement, and abdominal pain.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

hepatitis in Science

hepatitis

[hĕp′ə-tītĭs]
  1. Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by any of various infectious agents or toxins, including alcohol and numerous chemical compounds. Symptoms usually include jaundice, fatigue, fever, liver enlargement, and abdominal pain. There are five types of viral hepatitis: A, B,C, D, and E. Hepatitis A, an acute infection caused by a virus of the genus Hepatovirus is transmitted by contaminated food and water. Hepatitis B, caused by a virus of the genus Orthohepadnavirus and Hepatitis C, caused by a virus of the genus Hepacivirus, are more serious infections that are transmitted through infected bodily fluids such as blood and semen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

hepatitis in Culture

hepatitis

[(hep-uh-teye-tis)]

An inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis is most often caused by a virus, but it can be the result of exposure to certain toxic agents, such as drugs or chemicals. One viral form of the disease is spread by contaminated food and water, and other forms by contaminated injection needles and blood transfusions. Symptoms of hepatitis include fever and jaundice.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.