hock

1
[hok]
noun
  1. the joint in the hind leg of a horse, cow, etc., above the fetlock joint, corresponding anatomically to the ankle in humans.
  2. a corresponding joint in a fowl.
verb (used with object)
  1. to hamstring.

Origin of hock

1
1375–1425; variant of dial. hough, Middle English ho(u)gh, apparently back formation from late Middle English hokschyn, etc., Old English hōhsinu hock (literally, heel) sinew; see heel1

hock

3
[hok]
verb (used with object)
  1. pawn1.
noun
  1. the state of being deposited or held as security; pawn: She was forced to put her good jewelry in hock.
  2. the condition of owing; debt: After the loan was paid, he was finally out of hock.

Origin of hock

3
1855–60, Americanism; < Dutch hok kennel, sty, pen, (informal) miserable place to live, prison
Related formshock·er, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for hocked

pledge, borrow

Examples from the Web for hocked

Contemporary Examples of hocked

Historical Examples of hocked

  • I took her to a boarding-house on Thirty-second Street where I used to live, and hocked her.

    Options

    O. Henry

  • His young mistress heard em say he was going to be free and she walked up and hocked and spit in his face.

  • I've hocked ev'ryt'ing dat would bring in a dollar, an' dis is de las' t'ing I've got.

    Bowery Life

    Chuck Connors


British Dictionary definitions for hocked

hock

1
noun
  1. the joint at the tarsus of a horse or similar animal, pointing backwards and corresponding to the human ankle
  2. the corresponding joint in domestic fowl
verb
  1. another word for hamstring

Word Origin for hock

C16: short for hockshin, from Old English hōhsinu heel sinew

hock

2
noun
  1. any of several white wines from the German Rhine
  2. (not in technical usage) any dry white wine

Word Origin for hock

C17: short for obsolete hockamore Hochheimer

hock

3
verb
  1. (tr) to pawn or pledge
noun
  1. the state of being in pawn (esp in the phrase in hock)
  2. in hock
    1. in prison
    2. in debt
    3. in pawn
Derived Formshocker, noun

Word Origin for hock

C19: from Dutch hok prison, debt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hocked

hock

n.1

"joint in the hind leg of a horse," mid-15c., earlier hockshin (late 14c.), from Old English hohsinu "sinew of the heel, Achilles' tendon," literally "heel sinew," from hoh "heel," from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (cf. German Hachse "hock," Old English hæla "heel"), from PIE *kenk- (3) "heel, bend of the knee."

hock

n.2

"Rhenish wine," 1620s, shortening of Hockamore, from German Hochheimer, "(wine) of Hochheim," town on the Main where wine was made; sense extended to German white wines in general.

hock

n.3

"pawn, debt," 1859, American English, in hock, which meant both "in debt" and "in prison," from Dutch hok "jail, pen, doghouse, hutch, hovel." The verb is 1878, from the noun.

When one gambler is caught by another, smarter than himself, and is beat, then he is in hock. Men are only caught, or put in hock, on the race-tracks, or on the steamboats down South. ... Among thieves a man is in hock when he is in prison. [G.W. Matsell, "Vocabulum," 1859]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper