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hog

[hawg, hog]
noun
  1. a hoofed mammal of the family Suidae, order Artiodactyla, comprising boars and swine.
  2. a domesticated swine weighing 120 pounds (54 kg) or more, raised for market.
  3. a selfish, gluttonous, or filthy person.
  4. Slang.
    1. a large, heavy motorcycle.
    2. an impressively large luxury automobile.
  5. Also hogg, hogget. British.
    1. a sheep about one year old that has not been shorn.
    2. the wool shorn from such a sheep.
    3. any of several other domestic animals, as a bullock, that are one year old.
  6. Railroads Slang. a locomotive.
  7. a machine for shredding wood.
  8. Curling. a stone that stops before reaching the hog score.
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verb (used with object), hogged, hog·ging.
  1. to appropriate selfishly; take more than one's share of.
  2. to arch (the back) upward like that of a hog.
  3. roach3(def 3).
  4. (in machine-shop practice) to cut deeply into (a metal bar or slab) to reduce it to a shape suitable for final machining.
  5. to shred (a piece of wood).
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verb (used without object), hogged, hog·ging.
  1. Nautical. (of a hull) to have less than the proper amount of sheer because of structural weakness; arch.Compare sag(def 6a).
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Idioms
  1. go the whole hog, to proceed or indulge completely and unreservedly: We went the whole hog and took a cruise around the world.Also go whole hog.
  2. live high off/on the hog, to be in prosperous circumstances.Also eat high off the hog.
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Origin of hog

1300–50; Middle English; compare Old English hogg- in place-names; perhaps < Celtic; compare Welsh hwch, Cornish hogh swine
Related formshog·like, adjectiveun·hogged, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for hogs

swine, boar, piglet, pig, monopolize, sow, razorback, shoat, porker, piggy, warthog, epicure, gourmand, gorger, cormorant

Examples from the Web for hogs

Contemporary Examples of hogs

Historical Examples of hogs

  • If that be holiness, I could show you hogs in this forest who are fit to head the calendar.

    The White Company

    Arthur Conan Doyle

  • Nevertheless, we will have it done, lest their bad example should corrupt the other hogs.

    Tanglewood Tales

    Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • “Which is a libel on hogs,” observed the other, with a smile.

    The Night Riders

    Ridgwell Cullum

  • Now let us turn to another story with more humans than hogs in it.

    Herbert Hoover

    Vernon Kellogg

  • I should not be surprised if some of the hogs escaped observation.

    The Negro Farmer

    Carl Kelsey


British Dictionary definitions for hogs

hog

noun
  1. a domesticated pig, esp a castrated male weighing more than 102 kg
  2. US and Canadian any artiodactyl mammal of the family Suidae; pig
  3. Also: hogg British dialect, Australian and NZ another name for hogget
  4. informal a selfish, greedy, or slovenly person
  5. nautical a stiff brush, for scraping a vessel's bottom
  6. nautical the amount or extent to which a vessel is hoggedCompare sag (def. 6)
  7. another word for camber (def. 4)
  8. slang, mainly US a large powerful motorcycle
  9. go the whole hog informal to do something thoroughly or unreservedlyif you are redecorating one room, why not go the whole hog and paint the entire house?
  10. live high on the hog or live high off the hog informal, mainly US to have an extravagant lifestyle
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verb hogs, hogging or hogged (tr)
  1. slang to take more than one's share of
  2. to arch (the back) like a hog
  3. to cut (the mane) of (a horse) very short
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Derived Formshogger, nounhoglike, adjective

Word Origin for hog

Old English hogg, from Celtic; compare Cornish hoch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hogs

hog

n.

late 12c. (implied in hogaster), "swine reared for slaughter" (usually about a year old), also used by stockmen for "young sheep" (mid-14c.) and for "horse older than one year," suggesting the original sense had something to do with an age, not a type of animal. Not evidenced in Old English, but it may have existed. Possibility of British Celtic origin {Watkins, etc.] is regarded by OED as "improbable." Figurative sense of "gluttonous person" is first recorded early 15c. Meaning "Harley-Davidson motorcycle" is attested from 1967.

To go hog wild is from 1904. Hog in armor "awkward or clumsy person in ill-fitting attire" is from 1650s. Phrase to go the whole hog (1828) is sometimes said to be from the butcher shop option of buying the whole slaughtered animal (at a discount) rather than just the choice bits. But it is perhaps rather from the story (recorded in English from 1779) of Muslim sophists, forbidden by the Quran from eating a certain unnamed part of the hog, who debated which part was intended and managed to exempt the whole of it from the prohibition.

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hog

v.

"to appropriate greedily," U.S. slang, 1884 (first attested in "Huck Finn"), from hog (n.). Related: Hogged; hogging.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with hogs

hog

see go hog wild; go whole hog; high off the hog; road hog.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.